One example of defensive listening is to hear a general statement and to personalize it. When a friend says, "I'm not a big fan of people who are fake," a defensive listener may infer that the friend is indirectly calling the defensive listener fake. Personalizing impersonal statements is a very common form of defensive listening.Know More
Defensive listeners tend to struggle with sarcastic humor as well, because they may assume that the speaker is putting them down in spite of the humor. While this is sometimes the case with sarcasm, it isn't always true. A colleague might joke, "John can stay and work on Saturday because it's not like he has anything else happening today." The speaker's sarcasm may stem from the fact that John has a family and is known to be quite busy. However, a defensive listener may miss the sarcasm and begin defending the fact that he does have a busy weekend.
A person with strong anxieties and insecurities is more likely to react badly when listening defensively. A spouse may say, "I've got a few other things to do, and then I'll get to that," in response to a request to complete a task. A defensive listener may view the delay as a lack of caring or interest in helping.Learn more about Psychology
Examples of being proactive are packing a briefcase the night before a meeting, reducing the risk of crime by hiring additional police officers and doing laundry before all the clothes are dirty. Proactive means acting in expectation of future needs or problems.Full Answer >
Examples of mannerisms are found in a person's gestures and speech patterns. Mannerisms include suspicion, defensiveness, nervousness, frustration, confidence and cooperation.Full Answer >
An example of perception is the way children view objects differently as they develop. Early on, they only perceive individual shapes and objects, while they are later capable of recognizing relationships between objects. Another example is the phenomenon of miscommunication in which a person wrongly perceives someone's words or intentions.Full Answer >
An example of manipulation of a person would be when a man asks a young child to come see his van because it has lots of yummy candy in it and then he takes the child away. Another example of manipulation would be a young child manipulating LEGO bricks to build a tall tower.Full Answer >