H.G. Wells' "A Modern Utopia," Sir Francis Bacon's "New Atlantis" and Tommaso Campanella's "City of the Sun" are all examples of utopian novels. A utopia is a fictionalized ideal culture.Know More
Utopias are imaginary perfect societies, idealized in the material world as opposed to any notion of afterlife. As such, they are often called "heaven on Earth." All social ills, such as poverty and injustice, have been eliminated in a utopian society, and a strict and perfect moral code is followed. Novels that depict such societies generally have social, cultural and political goals. They have historically aimed to make the reader realize the various ways in which the society he or she actually lives in is not perfect, and all the problems that need to be addressed. For example, Plato's "Republic" is often considered to be the first work of utopian literature.
Almost all fictionalized utopias include detailed descriptions of the physical landscape. There were some utopian aspects in Arthurian literature and King Arthur's Camelot. In 1516, when Sir Thomas More published his work "Utopia," detailing an imaginary perfect kingdom, the concept of ideal culture took its name after the book.
Dystopia and dystopian literature are a related concept; they portray a utopian society in which something has gone awry. Much like utopian works, they have political messages; dystopian fiction functions as a warning.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
"Nacirema" is a satirical look at the United States of America, so any aspect of the culture of that country could be said to be nacireman. In keeping with the spirit of the academic paper that introduced the term, such observations would be recorded as if they were made by an American social scientist or anthropologist observing a formerly unknown tribe.Full Answer >
Some examples of American culture include Hollywood cinema and television, rock music and southern-style cuisine. Due to the country's diverse ethnic heritage, American culture takes influences from nearly every part of the world.Full Answer >
Specific examples of folk cultures include Louisiana Creole cuisine, the Claddagh rings of Galway in Ireland and Amish culture. Folk culture can refer to an entire culture, for example the Amish, or specific elements of a culture.Full Answer >
There are seven primary culture traits: learned behaviors, transmission of information, symbolism, flexibility, integration, ethnocentrism and adaptation. People acquire cultural traits as they grow up in environments surrounded by others with similar ideas and concepts. Cultural traits are a part of the larger system of culture that includes a network of behaviors, values, beliefs and norms.Full Answer >