Some examples of learned behavior are a dog that is taught to roll over or a recently hatched goose that imprints on something other than its mother. Learned behavior is shaped through experience, such as through the application of rewards, punishments or constant conditioning.
Forms of learned behavior observed through experimentation are habituation, sensitization, imprinting, conditioned response, instrumental conditioning and concepts. The most commonly recognized form of sensitization is shock therapy, in which a punishment is associated with a certain action. Experiments have shown that a single shock only generates a short-term memory gain on the action, while longer, sustained shocks imprint a memory that lasts for a longer time.