Psychological variables refer to elements in psychological experiments that can be changed, such as available information or the time taken to perform a given task. Variables can be classified as either dependent or independent. Researchers investigate the possible effect on the dependent variable that may arise due to change in the independent variable.Know More
Generally, variables are applied in psychological experiments to determine if changes to one element cause changes to another. The dependent variable is the variable that the researcher measures upon alteration of the independent variable. The independent variable is a variable that the experimenter manipulates with the expectation of having an effect on the dependent variable. For instance, in a study on the impact of sleep deprivation on test performance, sleep deprivation is the independent variable, while the scores on the test performance make up the dependent variable. An experimenter may also change the type of information, whether organized or random, given to participants to determine the effect on the amount of information remembered. In this case, the type of information is the independent variable (because it changes), and the amount of information remembered is the dependent variable (because it is what is being measured).
Psychological variables may also be categorized as extraneous variables, which have an impact on the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. For instance, when investigating the effects of sleep deprivation on test performance, factors such as age, gender and academic background may have a significant effect on the results.Learn more about Psychology
Psychology is a broad field that studies phenomena such as sensation, perception, mental health, social behavior, cognition, behavior, psychological development, emotions, memory and other mental functions and their manifestations. The physiological processes underlying the psyche are studied in the fields of physiological psychology, neurology and neuropsychology.Full Answer >
There are many examples of psychological principles being put to use in a variety of fields, most of which are based on the concepts of stimulation, socialization, identity and control. The psychological principle of stimulation, for example, can be a significant factor in promoting creativity or productivity and is often applied in work-group or educational settings. The need for a sense of identity is a psychological principle that is frequently used to create brand-name loyalty in marketing or to develop team spirit in organizational management.Full Answer >
Simply Psychology lists several different designs for psychological experiments, four of which are case studies, observational study, interview and content analysis. Wikipedia differentiates methods and designs based on the sources of information, how the information is collected and the tools used to collect information.Full Answer >
Psychological noise is defined as a person's internal preoccupations, prejudices, opinions and other qualities that affect his ability to understand and communicate in an environment. Noise by definition is a distraction of sorts that interferes with communication, and psychological noise is a distraction from within rather than outside the individual.Full Answer >