Scapegoats are individuals or groups blamed by society for something that might not entirely be their fault, explains EducationBug.org. Usually, scapegoats are either persons in positions of power, such as leaders of nations or corporate CEOs, who are seen as responsible for everything that happens while they are in power, or they are commonly disdained sub-groups of society who do not have any influence to protest their blame.Know More
The term "scapegoat" comes from Judeo-Christian tradition, and is based on the sacrifice of an animal for the forgiveness of human sins. This means that people sacrifice a "scapegoat" by shifting the blame away from themselves and onto that person.
Throughout the ages, a lot of blame has been put on figures of divinity or mythology, such as the devil, Pandora or Eve from the book of Genesis. Historically, bad fortune and disease were blamed on people thought to be witches; in many instances in Western history people were blamed for being Jewish or homosexual. In the United States, it is common to blame the president whenever the nation has a bad economic year.
Some specific examples include Leon Trotsky, who was blamed by Stalin for all of the problems in Russia; Gaëtan Dugas, for the spread of AIDS; and Andrés Escobar, for his team's defeat in the 1994 World Cup, after which he was shot.Learn more about Social Sciences
Opinion leaders are individuals who are active voices in their communities and influence the decisions of community members. Opinion leaders may be educated and highly skilled individuals, such as doctors, pastors or local politicians, and they can also be individuals who know their communities well and whose opinions are respected by members, such as barbers or daycare center operators.Full Answer >
Examples of moral beliefs include views on how to treat others, beliefs about sex, religion and personal behavior and strategies to respect and forgive individuals. A person's views on personal hygiene, etiquette and language are also examples of moral beliefs.Full Answer >
The primary difference between a community and a society is that a community is limited to a specific geographic location, but a society can be made up of people who live in different places. Another difference is that a society is made up of direct and indirect social connections between people, but a community is made up of individuals who are more closely connected. For example, people who live in a town represent a community, whereas everyone who lives in the state the town is located in makes up a society.Full Answer >
Ideal culture refers to the idealized system of norms and values that a society claims to believe. The ideal culture exists in tandem with the real culture, which involves the actual values and norms followed by a society. Ideal culture contains the standards that a society tries to live up to.Full Answer >