During the sensorimotor stage of human development, children understand the world through their senses, so they put all types of objects in their mouths, shake rattles repeatedly to make sounds and press buttons to turn lights on and off. They use only their sensory perceptions and motor activities to explore and understand the world.Know More
The sensorimotor stage lasts from birth to 24 months. At first, infants can use only their reflexes to interact with their environment. For example, they can suck, grasp and look. As their brains develop, infants begin to intentionally repeat actions that provide pleasure, such as sucking a thumb.
At four to eight months, infants intentionally repeat actions that affect their environment, such as reaching to grab a toy. They also react to a person or thing hidden from view as if it does not exist. For example, if a ball a child is playing with is covered by a blanket, the child does not look under the blanket to find the ball. A few weeks later, when he develops object permanence, the child understands that the ball still exists even if he cannot see it.
During the second half of the sensorimotor stage, children begin imitating the actions of other people and experimenting with new sounds and behavior. They also develop stranger anxiety, or a fear of unrecognized people.Learn more about Psychology
Aesthetic development in children is the emergence of the ability to appreciate and critically evaluate art. Art pertains to any form of artistic expression. Aesthetic appreciation is usually a reflection of the senses rather than of artistic ability.Full Answer >
The technical definition of synchrony is "a co-ordinated interaction between caregiver and infant, who respond to each other with split-second timing." The caregiver, whether it is mother or father, can react to a baby's emotion instinctively. The baby feels the connection between facial expressions and emotions and synchrony between caregiver and child is achieved.Full Answer >
Some characteristics of a well-adjusted person include high self-esteem, contentment, a realistic view of the world, emotional stability and independence. Other characteristics include an ability to conduct self-appraisals, responsibility and social stability.Full Answer >
Sensory development is the gradual process by which an infant’s senses begin to grow. These senses are sight, taste, touch, smell and hearing. Sensory development begins during gestation. However, an infant’s senses are not entirely developed even after birth. For instance, following birth, an infant’s eyesight is very limited, while sense of touch is well-developed.Full Answer >