During the sensorimotor stage of human development, children understand the world through their senses, so they put all types of objects in their mouths, shake rattles repeatedly to make sounds and press buttons to turn lights on and off. They use only their sensory perceptions and motor activities to explore and understand the world.Know More
The sensorimotor stage lasts from birth to 24 months. At first, infants can use only their reflexes to interact with their environment. For example, they can suck, grasp and look. As their brains develop, infants begin to intentionally repeat actions that provide pleasure, such as sucking a thumb.
At four to eight months, infants intentionally repeat actions that affect their environment, such as reaching to grab a toy. They also react to a person or thing hidden from view as if it does not exist. For example, if a ball a child is playing with is covered by a blanket, the child does not look under the blanket to find the ball. A few weeks later, when he develops object permanence, the child understands that the ball still exists even if he cannot see it.
During the second half of the sensorimotor stage, children begin imitating the actions of other people and experimenting with new sounds and behavior. They also develop stranger anxiety, or a fear of unrecognized people.Learn more about Psychology
Emotional development refers to a child's growing ability to regulate and control emotions and to form secure relationships. It differs from cognitive development, which readies a child for school, in that it prepares a child to take on a greater degree of responsibility for his or her internal state. Growing scientific evidence shows that a child's experiences during the early years play a significant role in emotional development.Full Answer >
Cognitive development is the development of thinking and reasoning ability. It is the construction of thought processes such as memory, decision-making and problem solving, from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. Cognitive development is a field of study in neuroscience and psychology concerned with development of children in regard to information processing, perceptual skill, conceptual resources, language learning, and other elements of intelligence and cognitive psychology in comparison to adult’s perceptions.Full Answer >
Developmental norms refer to milestones and stages of physical, cognitive or emotional development expected at any given age. Physical developments refer to changes in the body and the ability to control it. Cognitive developments refer to changes in the mind and psychology and to growth of knowledge. Emotional developments are changes to the ability to handle emotions.Full Answer >
Personality development is a transgression through cognitive, social and moral development while maturing and understanding how reactions and emotions affect personal well-being. Various steps and stages occur when a person's personality develops.Full Answer >