Push factors, such as poverty within a community, limited access to education and employment, distance from resources, globalization, a person's ability to obtain better transportation in a new area, an increase in crime and the frequency of natural disasters, can affect the outgoing process of migration. Pull factors, such as higher standards of living and wages, labor demands and religious and political freedom, often dictate where migrants end up.
Push factors prompt migrants to move out of a community, whereas pull factors draw migrants toward a new local area or community. For example, when a family is living in a poverty-stricken neighborhood with an increase in crime, surrounded by educational institutions that are not accredited or meeting state standards, the family may choose to migrate. When determining where to migrate, the family may evaluate the pull factors that are more appealing in a different community. If a city is thriving with employment opportunities, higher wages, educational advancements, access to technology, and diverse cultures, viewpoints and religious choices, a family is more likely to migrate to this particular area to improve their quality of life. Migration can also occur within the same city as people are pushed out of one neighborhood and pulled to a more appealing neighborhood.Learn More
When the population experiences growth, it increases the number of people who can consume goods and services, causing the economy to experience growth. When the economy grows, this results in new industries that can provide employment to the nation's citizens.Full Answer >
The formula for calculating population density requires dividing the area occupied, typically in square miles or square kilometers, by the number of people living there. Though population density usually refers to people, the term also applies to animals in a particular habitat.Full Answer >
It is estimated that there are more than 3,000 tribes in Africa. An exact number is not known, however, because it is believed that there still may be some undocumented tribes in Central Africa. There are more than 2,000 languages collectively used by the tribes of Africa.Full Answer >
The biggest disadvantage of modern transportation is the toll it takes on the environment in the form of pollution. Not only do vehicle emissions contain pollutants, but materials routinely needed for proper maintenance also pollute the environment.Full Answer >