René Descartes, French philosopher and mathematician, is generally regarded as the father of modern philosophy for establishing a beginning point for human existence, states Biography.com. His famous line, "I think; therefore I am" implied that being human requires a distinct core apart from all other matter in the universe and the ability to evaluate situations and concepts mentally.Know More
Descartes' ideas were markedly different from general human understanding during the early 17th century, according to Biography.com. His approach to philosophy was to clear the slate of preconceived beliefs and then add only those things about which it was possible to be certain. The first of these notions was simple human existence.
Biography.com reports that Descartes believed all truths were connected. Using his mathematical background, he sought to prove this was true through rational means.
Sam McNerney of Big Think explains that Descartes highly valued skepticism and reason, both of which he emphasized in his written work "Discourse on the Method." In it, he wrote that truth is available to those who apply both reason and skepticism to reality. At the time, this was not a commonly held belief. In fact, in the early 17th century most Europeans believed consulting with oneself was pointless, as God revealed all.Learn more in Philosophy
Socrates contributed to philosophy by creating what is known as the fundamentals of Western philosophy. He invented the teaching practice of pedagogy, the Socratic method and contributed to the fields of ethics, epistemology and logic.Full Answer >
Modern rationalism was a period during the 17th century in which philosophers believed that mathematics and geometry were appropriate foundations on which to base philosophical methodology. Modern rationalism is commonly referred to as epistemological rationalism. Descartes was the first modern rationalist, and was followed by several others, including Benedict Spinoza and G.W. Leibniz.Full Answer >
Modern technology has revolutionized the way people all over the world communicate and interact. This revolution has led to a system of globalization which has fundamentally changed modern society in both good and bad ways.Full Answer >
The title "Father of Modern Botany" is often attributed to 16th- and 17th-century Swiss-French botanist and scientist Gaspard Bauhin. Also known as Caspar Bauhin, his 1623 work, the "llustrated Exposition of Plants," was an early attempt at botanical classification.Full Answer >