René Descartes, French philosopher and mathematician, is generally regarded as the father of modern philosophy for establishing a beginning point for human existence, states Biography.com. His famous line, "I think; therefore I am" implied that being human requires a distinct core apart from all other matter in the universe and the ability to evaluate situations and concepts mentally.Know More
Descartes' ideas were markedly different from general human understanding during the early 17th century, according to Biography.com. His approach to philosophy was to clear the slate of preconceived beliefs and then add only those things about which it was possible to be certain. The first of these notions was simple human existence.
Biography.com reports that Descartes believed all truths were connected. Using his mathematical background, he sought to prove this was true through rational means.
Sam McNerney of Big Think explains that Descartes highly valued skepticism and reason, both of which he emphasized in his written work "Discourse on the Method." In it, he wrote that truth is available to those who apply both reason and skepticism to reality. At the time, this was not a commonly held belief. In fact, in the early 17th century most Europeans believed consulting with oneself was pointless, as God revealed all.Learn more about Philosophy
Rene Descartes, widely regarded as the father of modern philosophy, broke with the Aristotelian tradition, helping establish modern rationalism. He argued for a mechanistic universe in opposition to Aristotle's views on causality. He also made important contributions to mathematics and physics.Full Answer >
John Locke is regarded as one of the most fundamental philosophers in the world, being responsible for greatly influencing the ideals behind both the French Enlightenment and the American Revolution, as well as founding the philosophical school of thought called Realism. John Locke was born in 1632, went on to study at Oxford University, where he studied medicine.Full Answer >
Modern rationalism was a period during the 17th century in which philosophers believed that mathematics and geometry were appropriate foundations on which to base philosophical methodology. Modern rationalism is commonly referred to as epistemological rationalism. Descartes was the first modern rationalist, and was followed by several others, including Benedict Spinoza and G.W. Leibniz.Full Answer >
Though debated, René Descartes is widely considered to be the father of modern mathematics. His greatest mathematical contribution is known as Cartesian geometry, or analytical geometry.Full Answer >