Five of the characteristics of a civilization are literacy, public architecture, public wealth, professions and a social hierarchy. The existence of urban centers, infrastructure and permanent habitations are also considered as defining characteristics of a civilization. Many other defining characteristics exist, and while the type and number can depend upon the source consulted, a civilization is often most broadly defined as any complex state society.Know More
Carroll Quigley defined civilization as "a producing society with an instrument of expansion" in 1979. The "instrument of expansion" refers to a variety of social organizations that, in combination, are able to satisfy basic human needs. Quigley also added that a society becomes a civilization when it develops a writing system and a city life.
Samuel P. Huntington, in his 1993 book "The Clash of Civilizations," defined a civilization as "the highest cultural grouping" and the "broadest cultural identity" of which people are capable of. Huntington's defining characteristics include common objective elements, such as history, language and religion, along with the subjective self-identification of the people who comprise the civilization.
Albert Schweitzer, in his book "The Philosophy of Civilizations," outlines the idea that dual opinions exist within society regarding civilizations: one in which a civilization is viewed as a purely material concept, and the other in which a civilization is seen as both material and ethical. He stated that the then-world crisis, in 1923, was the result of humanity having lost sight of the ethical concept of civilization.Learn More
Although most ethnic French have the fair skin associated with the scientifically controversial racial classification of "Caucasoid," the broad similarities end there. France is an ethnically complex country. It has been settled or invaded by many peoples, including but not limited to: Celts, Basques, Greeks, Romans, Germans and Norse. As a result, modern French people are a genetic mix.Full Answer >
According to Altius Directory, Florida comprises a mixed culture of various ethnic groups such as Greeks and other Europeans, American Whites, Asians, Cubans, Puerto Ricans and African Americans. The state's culture is also influenced by Native Americans. Since Florida is also a southern state, southern culture is also heavily prevalent. Many people from Europe and around the United States move to Florida.Full Answer >
The majority of Spaniards are descendants of Celtic, Iberic and Gothic ethnic groups. Among the ethnic groups, there are also distinct cultural groups in Spain that contribute to its human characteristics as a country.Full Answer >
According to a 2014 questionnaire conducted by the British Council, British people are most recognized for their good manners, sense of humor, love of alcohol, pride in their country and unappetizing cuisine. People complained in the survey that the British are also ignorant of cultures outside their own and are intolerant of non-British people. Alternatively, they are considered to be friendly, well-educated and law-abiding.Full Answer >