Five of the characteristics of a civilization are literacy, public architecture, public wealth, professions and a social hierarchy. The existence of urban centers, infrastructure and permanent habitations are also considered as defining characteristics of a civilization. Many other defining characteristics exist, and while the type and number can depend upon the source consulted, a civilization is often most broadly defined as any complex state society.Know More
Carroll Quigley defined civilization as "a producing society with an instrument of expansion" in 1979. The "instrument of expansion" refers to a variety of social organizations that, in combination, are able to satisfy basic human needs. Quigley also added that a society becomes a civilization when it develops a writing system and a city life.
Samuel P. Huntington, in his 1993 book "The Clash of Civilizations," defined a civilization as "the highest cultural grouping" and the "broadest cultural identity" of which people are capable of. Huntington's defining characteristics include common objective elements, such as history, language and religion, along with the subjective self-identification of the people who comprise the civilization.
Albert Schweitzer, in his book "The Philosophy of Civilizations," outlines the idea that dual opinions exist within society regarding civilizations: one in which a civilization is viewed as a purely material concept, and the other in which a civilization is seen as both material and ethical. He stated that the then-world crisis, in 1923, was the result of humanity having lost sight of the ethical concept of civilization.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
Most Africans live in undeveloped rural areas, subsisting on their own home-grown produce and inheriting oral traditions of music and dance. Although this is obviously a sweeping generalization of an enormous and varied continent, there are nevertheless some commonalities to be observed between cultures, especially outside the predominantly Arab world of North Africa.Full Answer >
The majority of Spaniards are descendants of Celtic, Iberic and Gothic ethnic groups. Among the ethnic groups, there are also distinct cultural groups in Spain that contribute to its human characteristics as a country.Full Answer >
The U.S. Census Bureau defines an urban places as having a population density of at least 100 people per square mile and a total population of at least 2,500 people. All areas that do not meet those criteria are labeled as rural.Full Answer >
The typical Filipino family consists of a husband, wife and children, extending to include grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins. This circle is often enlarged with the selection of a child's godparents.Full Answer >