The five major economic goals are full employment, economic growth, efficiency, stability and equity, and they are divided into both macroeconomic and microeconomic goals. On the macroeconomics spectrum, policies are made to reach economic growth, stability and full employment. For microeconomics, decisions and policies are driven towards reaching efficiency and equity. As a whole, society's behavior aims to reach the five economic goals.
At the local market and industries level, the two microeconomic goals drive business decisions and market policies. The goal of efficiency is explained by a situation where society is able to utilize available resources to achieve the maximum level of satisfaction. At maximum efficiency, no change in resource allocation would further increase societal satisfaction. Equity, on the other hand, indicates a state where wealth and income are fairly distributed. The exact definition of equity may differ somewhat depending on the political ideology of the individual.
At the macroeconomic level, the goal of full employment is achieved when available resources are used to produce services and goods. At full employment, scarcity is avoided as all production is geared towards the maximum fulfillment of needs. As an economic goal, stability is attained when there are minimal fluctuations in all market variables, such as production, prices and employment, to avoid recession or inflation. Finally, economic growth refers to an increase in the economy's ability as a whole to produce services and goods, thereby increasing satisfaction levels in society.Learn More
The labor force participation rate is calculated by adding the number of the noninstitutionalized and nonactive military duty population between the ages of 16 and 64 who are employed or who are looking for work. The United States Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) bases the labor force participation rate on Census Bureau population projections.Full Answer >
The four types of economic resources are labor, land, capital and entrepreneurship. These resources are also called the factors of production.Full Answer >
A diversified economy is an economy that has a number of different revenue streams and provides nations with the ability for sustainable growth because there is not a reliance on one particular type of revenue. This diversification provides nations with the security and reliability that they need so that if one economic revenue stream should fail, the nation knows that they have several other options for revenue.Full Answer >
GDP stands for gross domestic product, which is the market value of finished goods and services manufactured in a country within a set time frame, typically one year. This includes consumer spending, government spending, industry investments and a country’s exports minus its imports.Full Answer >