Formal observation refers to the precise, highly controlled methods that take place in a laboratory setting, while informal observation is a more casual observation of the surrounding environment. Anthropologists and others in the soft sciences often make use of informal observation, while hard sciences generally require more stringent methods of empirical assessment.Know More
Audience Dialogue describes formal and informal observations as two equally crucial components of information gathering. The main goal behind any type of observation is to gather data about the subject or subjects being observed. Informal observation can be as simple as watching people from a park bench and noticing trends or patterns in their appearance and clothing.
The Cleremont College of Biology delves into the nature of formal observation and notes how crucial it is to ensure that all observations are made with the utmost objectivity. Informal observations are subjective to a degree, but all measures are taken to ensure that a formal observation is without subjectivity. To do this, most researchers set up a series of controls that allow them to watch the chosen subject with as little interference and distraction as possible. This ensures that any information gathered is true to the subject's usual behavior and not changed by the observer.Learn more about Psychology
Descriptive research focuses on collecting data without altering the environment in which it is studying. These studies are often referred to as observational research.Full Answer >
In biology, a stimulus is a change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organism to change its behavior in order to make the environment more satisfactory. For instance, hunger motivates animals to seek food, predators stimulate prey to run away or hide, and falling temperatures encourage creatures to seek shelter or find warmth in other ways.Full Answer >
People with controlling personalities feel a compulsive need to be in charge of their environment and dictate other people's behavior. They are unable to admit mistakes, assume authority without being asked, always insist on being right, are hostile to criticism and micromanage friends, family and co-workers.Full Answer >
Behaviorists believe that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning that occurs in response to interactions with the environment. They therefore conclude that environmental stimuli can be used to train, shape and change behaviors, according to Kendra Cherry, author of “Everything Psychology Book.”Full Answer >