There are four fundamental ethical principles and five major ethical theories. The four fundamental ethical principles are respect for autonomy, beneficence, justice and nonmaleficence. The five major ethical theories are deontology, utilitarianism, rights, casuist and virtue.Know More
Autonomy, the first of the four fundamental principles, is to respect others' choices and human dignity, while beneficence is to bring about good in all actions. Justice is the obligation to treat others fairly, and nonmaleficence is to cause no harm or the least amount of harm possible.
Deontology, one of the five major ethical theories, is to adhere to duties and obligations in an ethical dilemma, while utilitarianism is choosing the action which provides the greatest benefit to the majority of people. Rights suggests that the rights set forth by society are ethically correct and should be high priority. Casuist uses previous ethical dilemmas to judge the best possible outcome, and virtue judges a person by their character rather than a single act which is out of the norm.Learn More
Ethical absolutism is the philosophical viewpoint that certain human actions are right or wrong based on an objective moral code. This ethical standard is not dependent on the context or circumstances in which the actions arise but is true in all cultures and is applicable to everyone. Ethical absolutism arises from religious doctrines that dictate right and wrong human behavior, such as the Judeo-Christian biblical commands.Full Answer >
An ethical or moral dilemma is a situation in which a person is required by their ethical code to take at least two actions and, while able to take either, is not able to take both. In other words, they face an ethical failure no matter how they choose to act.Full Answer >
Ethical responsibility means following a moral path. Individuals have an ethical responsibility to friends and family, and businesses are obligated to promote ethics in the workplace. Medical personnel, such as nurses, also follow moral responsibilities.Full Answer >
Ethical relativism is the view that there is no objective right or wrong. Instead, judgements are made differently by each individual, depending on several contributing factors.Full Answer >