Games in ancient Greece usually consisted of activities derived from or inspired by warrior skills, including sprinting, wrestling, running, equestrian events like chariot races and horseback riding, and hand-to-hand combat events like boxing and the pankration. Youths swam, ran and played with hoops and balls, while older Greeks played team games similar to modern hockey and rugby. Greeks of all ages enjoyed dancing games, which usually accompanied their festivals.Know More
Only free males could compete for prizes of honor and wreaths in the Olympics. The rules of these games were very lax, allowing athletes in most events to play dirty. The pankration was similar to boxing, except there were no hand guards, and the only rules were no biting or gouging of facial features. Some events allowed boys to participate in a tournament separate from the men.
The women's version of the Olympics was called the Heraea. Similar games were played, but they were handicapped and lessened in intensity. Spartans, unlike citizens of many Greek city-states at the time, encouraged their women to participate in athletics and compete, often against males. Girls still played games in other city-states, though. In Homer's "Odyssey" and Xenophon's "Symposium," girls play ball games, drive chariots, swim and even wrestle.
Not satisfied with the Heraea, a Spartan woman, Kyniska, who inherited her father's estate, which was a highly unusual phenomenon outside of Sparta, raised horses to enter into the equestrian events at the Olympics. She did not drive a chariot or ride a horse, but her team won, making her the only woman to win an ancient Olympic event. She was not allowed at the awards ceremony but was allowed to offer her statue at Zeus' temple.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
Men in ancient Greece wore a knee-length tunic called a chiton and a cloak called a himation. Different types of tunics and cloaks were worn for specialized uses such as exercise and horseback riding. Ancient Greeks generally remained barefoot at home but wore boots, slippers or sandals outside.Full Answer >
In the ancient Egypt, men wore tunics made of linen that resembled long T-shirts reaching to the knees. However, men who worked outside had a different attire. Instead of the tunics, they wore short skirts that were made by winding the linen cloth around the legs and waist.Full Answer >
Ancient Greek theater masks, used for the main characters in a play, were crafted by mask makers from organic, perishable materials like leather or linen, using a marble or stone face as a mold. Each mask had an attached wig to cover the ears and back of the head.Full Answer >
The ancient Greeks had a strong cultural influence on the Roman Empire, though the Romans did manage to take this influence and make it into something all their own. Greek influence on Roman culture is clear in areas such as religion, art and architecture, literature and philosophy.Full Answer >