Hindus believe in samsara, an eternal cycle of birth, life and deaths or reincarnation, explains How Stuff Works. In Hinduism, each individual soul is considered immortal or eternal. Samsara is controlled by karma, which, in Hinduism, is the moral law of action and reaction. All Hindus believe that each individual accumulates karma during his lifetime and the present condition of the human body and soul is affected by past actions.Know More
Reincarnation means "reenter the flesh." In Hinduism, the soul never dies and just inhabits one body after another during its evolutionary journey. Sometimes, the soul is born into another human body, sometimes in a plant's body, or sometimes an animal body. If an individual accumulates good karma during his lifetime, he may earn a higher place in the Hindu's caste system. If he does evil deeds, his soul may be pushed down to the lowest level of the chain. A person may change his karma by practicing good deeds, yoga or spiritual discipline.
While souls are considered eternal in Hinduism, every Hindus' ultimate goal is to exit the cycle of birth or salvation from samsara, also called moksha. To achieve moksha, a Hindu is expected to break ties from all that binds him to this world and to completely surrender to the Lord. A Hindu who has achieved moksha is released from samsara, which is also seen as an eternal cycle of suffering and pain.Learn more in Hinduism
According to the Smithsonian Institution, Hindu prayer, called mantras, occurs daily. This is a part of a larger branch of worship, called puja. The BBC states that puja is an individual act, rather than a communal one.Full Answer >
Hindus celebrate Diwali, the festival of lights, mainly by lighting earthenware oil lamps called diyas and placing them around temples, homes and businesses or setting them to float upon bodies of water. They also clean their homes, wear festive new clothes, exchange gifts of sweets and dried fruits, set off fireworks, start new business account books, open their doors and windows to admit prosperity, and indulge in gambling.Full Answer >
The dietary restrictions of Hindus vary among practitioners: nearly all abstain from eating beef, and some follow a predominantly vegetarian diet, while others, such as Shaktas, consume meat, provided it comes from animals sacrificed in rituals. Among Hindus, Shaivites and Shaktas have the most lenient diets and may include meat products in their meals, while more conservative Hindu branches such as Vaishna abide by theological rules that dictate permissible and impermissible foods.Full Answer >
Hindu scriptures do not condone the consumption of meat. Though not all Hindus adhere strictly to the guidelines, Hindu scripture prescribes a lifestyle of nonviolence, which includes not harming animals for food.Full Answer >