Travis Hirschi's social control theory of juvenile delinquency stated that delinquent behavior was caused by a lack of social attachments. Later, he modified his ideas and proposed the self-control theory of crime, which suggested that crimes were committed due to criminal opportunity and lack of self-control and that the degree of parenting a child received was the determining factor in whether or not he would commit crimes.Know More
In 1969, Travis Hirschi put forth his social control theory in his book "Causes of Delinquency." He claimed that the absence of social bonds and lack of social interaction with parents, teachers, friends and others caused a decrease in acceptance of social norms and recognition of morals, exacerbating tendencies toward juvenile delinquency.
In 1990, Hirschi collaborated with Michael R. Gottfredson on the book "A General Theory of Crime," in which they proposed that a person's level of self-control stabilizes by the age of 8, depending on how he is reared as a child. This put a lot of responsibility of whether or not a child would eventually commit crimes on the parents. According to Hirschi and Gottfredson, a child reared in a stable environment would be far less likely to commit crimes than a child that was neglected or abused. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, these theories became very popular among criminologists in America, though they were also widely criticized as being inherently flawed.Learn More
A control group is a group of individuals or cases that are assigned to an experimental group and are treated the same as the experimental group; however, they are not aligned with the experimental treatment or the experimental factor. In scientific testing, the control group is important because they ensure that placebo effects can be separated from the actual outcome of each experiment.Full Answer >
Social referencing is term that refers to the tendency of a person particularly an infant, to analyze the facial expressions of a significant other in order to be able to determine what to do. Social referencing often refers to children assessing the reactions of parents to obtain clarifying information about a particular situation.Full Answer >
Social interaction is any act or practice of two or more people that engages both parties in the awareness of the other. Social interaction does not include two parties who merely have each other in a line of sight.Full Answer >
Social skills refer to those skills that facilitate communication and interaction among people. Social skills are what humans require to get along with others. They range from very basic skills such as saying hello, or congratulating others on their success, to more complex ones that include skills to resolve conflicts.Full Answer >