Q:

What is the historical background of psychology?

A:

Quick Answer

From approximately 1550 BCE to the 18th century, numerous people speculated on the intricacies of the mind and its working, including Pythagoras, Socrates, Hippocrates, Aristotle, Aulus Cornelius Celsus, Rene Descartes and John Locke. The contemporary foundations of psychology began in 1879 when the first psychology laboratory was created by Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig, Germany. Important figures include Jean Piaget, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Carl Rogers and Paul Broca.

Know More
What is the historical background of psychology?
Credit: Jon Feingersh Blend Images Getty Images

Full Answer

When Aulus Cornelius Celsus died, he left behind a medical encyclopedia, within which the third book was of mental diseases. Celsus was the first to use the term insanity and to suggest music therapy, massage, sport, travel and reading aloud. In 705 CE, the first psychiatric hospital was created in Baghdad. Rudolph Goclenius coined the term psychology in 1590. In 1808 the term psychiatry was coined by Johann Christian Reil. After studying under Wundt at his laboratory in Leipzig, G. Stanley Hall moved to the United States to open the first experimental psychology research laboratory in 1883 at Johns Hopkins University. In 1884 Ivan Pavlov began studying the digestive secretions of animals, which resulted in his famous classical conditioning experiment involving a salivating dog. In 1886 Sigmund Freud started his private practice located in Vienna. The American Journal of Psychology was founded by G. Stanley Hall in 1887, and since then, it has published numerous papers in the field. Hall later went on to establish the American Psychological Association in 1892. In 1910 the International Psychoanalytical Association was founded by Sigmund Freud, and Carl Jung was the first president.

Learn more in Psychology

Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why is psychology important?

    A:

    Psychology is the study of the human mind and behavior and, as such, plays a number of important roles in modern society. Psychology helps people with a variety of mental health conditions. It also helps businesses target consumers.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why do we need psychology?

    A:

    The world needs psychology because it allows people to better understand how the mind works. Having this understanding allows mental illnesses to be better diagnosed and managed, helps people manage their relationships with those around them, encourages those with depression or anxiety to take steps to improve their conditions, and promotes an overall healthier mental state.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between a delusion and a hallucination?

    A:

    Delusions are mostly false beliefs rooted in the mind that seem real, but are not. Hallucinations are sensory-driven incidents that involve hearing or seeing something that isn't reality based. People with dementia or schizophrenia are prone to experiencing either delusions or hallucinations.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the human psyche?

    A:

    The human psyche is the mind or soul. It is the center of an individual's emotions, thought and behavior. The psyche controls the individual's response to his environment. The etymology of the word refers to the animating spirit of the individual.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore