Rabbi Hillel and Baal Shem Tov are considered significant historical figures in Jewish history due to the remarkable contributions they made to the religion and its followers during some of its dark periods. The Inquisition is an example of a dark period in Jewish history.Know More
Rabbi Hillel was a prominent sage. Although he was living in poverty, he worked as a woodcutter to support himself. He loved to study the Torah but could not afford to pay the admission fee. Still, he was so committed to learning that he would sit outside of the House of Study to listen and learn. He was revered for his gentleness, kindness and concern for humanity. He served as the president of the supreme Jewish court. The Hillel organization, which is a network of Jewish college student clubs, is named after Rabbi Hillel.
Baal Shem Tov is the pioneer of the Chasidic movement in Judaism. In his teachings, he emphasized that even an illiterate peasant could approach God. He encouraged his followers to pray, observe the commandments and take note of personal mystical experiences. His approach to Judaism was very radical for its time, as the religion emphasized that adherents could approach God only through studying the Torah.
In 1481 The Inquisition began in Spain. Thousands of Jews were forced to convert to Christianity. Many of those who had converted to Christianity but secretly continued to practice Judaism were arrested or burned at the stake. Finally, in 1492, the Jews of Spain were officially expelled. The next phase of The Inquisition started in Portugal in 1536. Portuguese Jews who refused to convert to Christianity faced similar consequences as Jews of Spain.Learn more about Judaism
Judaism does not have a specific founder, but rather it has major prophets that are considered the fathers of Judaism. Some of these prophets are Moses, Abraham and Noah.Full Answer >
Judaism is a monotheistic faith, which means members believe in only one god. Judaism teaches that all humans were created in the image of God and that God intends to send a person to remedy the ills of the world. The Torah is the reference text of Judaism.Full Answer >
Judaism can be traced back to Bronze Age, where it was first discovered in the Middle East. According to the Bible, Abraham was chosen by God in order to lead a special group of people: the Jews.Full Answer >
As a whole, Judaism does not have a single leader, but instead, each congregation is led by a rabbi and each branch of Judaism has a leadership council. Some countries have chief rabbis that oversee other rabbis.Full Answer >