The Buddhist holy book is known as the Tipitaka. The Buddha’s teachings were preserved in the Pali Canon, which acts as an extensive analytical record written in Pali, the Buddha’s native dialect. Pali is considered the classical language of Buddhism, and the documents preserved in Pali make up the Tipitaka as well as other Buddhist documents such as the Atthakatha, Tika, Anu-tika and Madhu-tika.Know More
Several months after the Buddha’s death, a period known as maha-parinibbana, 500 scholars and disciples of the Buddha who had attained arahant-phala, Buddhism’s highest level of sainthood, convened to discuss the preservation of the Buddha’s teachings. The scholars formed The First Council, a group whose purpose was to preserve the Buddha’s teachings from distortion and unscrupulous revisions. The council then collected and arranged the Buddha’s numerous teachings into a volume now known as the Tipitaka.
According to Pariyatti, a Buddhist non-profit organization, Tipitaka literally translated means “three baskets.” Similarly, the Tipitaka is divided into three divisions: Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka and Abhidhamma Pitaka. The Vinaya Pitaka explains the rules of conduct for the monastic order. The Sutta Pitaka is a collection of discussions on various subjects by the Buddha. Last, the Abhidhamma Pitaka contains the Buddha’s teachings on the relationship between mind and matter and the principles to transcend problems with each.Learn more about Religion
The primary scripture of Taoism is the "Tao Te Ching," which is also sometimes called the "Laozi" after its purported author, Lao Tzu. However, Taoists also venerate many other works, including the "Zhuangzi" and the "Liezi," authored by Chuang Tzu and Lieh Tzu respectively. The term "tzu," or "zi," roughly translates to "master."Full Answer >
There is no one holy book in Buddhism; instead, there are many thousands of texts organized into different canons, or collections of writings. However, some texts do not appear in any canon, and not all texts associated with a given school of Buddhism appear in its canon.Full Answer >
Buddhism began in the 7th century B.C., when Buddha Shakyamuni began teaching the path to enlightenment after he himself was enlightened under a Bodhi tree while living in the forest after renouncing his role as prince. Buddha began spreading the four noble truths. These truths were the first spokes in the first turn of the wheel of Dharma.Full Answer >
The primary holy book of the Jewish faith is known as the Torah, which comprises the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy; these are also the first five books of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, although "Old Testament" is not a term that followers of the Jewish faith typically apply to the Torah. The Torah can also be known as the Pentateuch, and it is accompanied by holy texts such as the Talmud, an authoritative book of biblical interpretations and Jewish oral traditions. According to Jewish religious tradition, God gave the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai.Full Answer >