Ideal culture refers to the idealized system of norms and values that a society claims to believe. The ideal culture exists in tandem with the real culture, which involves the actual values and norms followed by a society. Ideal culture contains the standards that a society tries to live up to.Know More
The values in an ideal culture are absolute and without exception. On a day-to-day basis, though, exceptions are made to the ideal values. There is a gap, then, between the ideal culture that a society says it has and believes in and the real culture that a society actually follows.
For example, the culture of the United States professes to value equality. However, examples of inequality are found all around. Another example is how marriage is perceived in American ideal culture. Ideally, marriage is a union of romantic love, monogamous and lifelong. In practice, though, exceptions are made. Not all marriages are based on notions of love, and not all marriages remain monogamous. More significantly, not all marriages are lifelong. The ideal value of marriage as a lifelong commitment is not followed. In real culture, exceptions to this ideal are made, as divorces are not only permissible, but commonplace.Learn more about Social Sciences
Enlightenment thinkers believed that the current forms of government should be changed to reflect humanity's perceived strengths and weaknesses. Key enlightenment thinkers include Thomas Hobbs, John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, Jean Jacques Rousseau and Voltaire, and enlightenment thinking led to revolutions in France, the American colonies and Latin America, according to princeton.edu.Full Answer >
Primary socialization, also called initial socialization, is when a child learns to interact, behave and talk in society through family members. Secondary socialization occurs during the school years and adolescent years and happens through non-family influence.Full Answer >
The term "plural society" refers to a society that is separated into various communities according to differences in language, ethnicity, race or religion. The expression was coined by the British academic and Fabian socialist, John Furnivall.Full Answer >
Social order refers to the way in which a society is organized along with certain rules and standards that are set forth in order to maintain that organization. Within social sciences, social order refers to a set of connected social structures, practices and institutions that maintain and set methods for relating and behaving.Full Answer >