Transportation is important because it facilitates trade, exchange and travel. Without effective transportation, regions are largely isolated from each other. Effective, affordable transportation also plays a role in letting people move to new areas.Know More
The ship is the earliest form of transportation to have a significant effect on trade, and ships still play a crucial role in transporting large quantities of goods. Ships can operate on nothing more than the wind, mitigating the needs for engines in the earliest designs.
The train revolutionized modern business, and it helped create the modern world. Before the invention of the steam engine, goods had to be transported in small amounts. The cost of purchasing foreign goods was simply too high for many to afford, and goods that could not be shipped by boat were prohibitively expensive for most of the middle class.
The airplane has made long-distance transportation a reality for many, and people are able to travel across nations and around the world for relatively low costs. While travel by rail is still popular, airplanes are credited with making trans-Atlantic and trans-Pacific travel a reality. While airplane tickets can be expensive, they pale in comparison to the cost of crossing an ocean by boat, and planes take only hours instead of weeks or even months to get to their destination.Learn more about Social Sciences
Formal regions are used to identify specific areas defined by a characteristic, like an ocean or continent, while functional regions are used to define areas containing a kind of service, such as cable television, or points on a map that are a terminals for an activity, such as travel or communication via telephone. For example, if people travel between Mexico City and New York City, the two cities may be defined as functional regions in relationship with each other. Functional and formal regions often overlap each other.Full Answer >
Transportation is important for multiple reasons that include travel, economic activity and mobility. Travel and mobility are difficult without the use of transportation services, and transportation provides an effective way to transport people and commodities from one place to another place. Methods of transportation include buses, planes, boats, trains, cars and other vehicles. Transportation is important for moving food, furniture, medicine, chemicals, clothing and other valuable necessities.Full Answer >
One of the most positive effects of automobiles is that they allow for regular long-distance travel by almost anyone, not just rich people. The mass production of automobiles has led to the development of extensive roadway systems to allow people to visit family and friends in faraway cities as well as commute long distances for jobs. Even traveling short distances is much faster, and people are able to make much better use of time.Full Answer >
An example of a latent dysfunction is an action or a behavior that produces an unintended negative effect, such as the loss of retirement funds by thousands of employees as a result of the Enron collapse or, as another example, the inability of employees to commute to work because of transportation disruptions caused by a festival. Both are examples of unexpected and unintended results, also referred to as latent consequences, from an action that, because of its unforeseen negative outcome, can be termed a latent dysfunction. An effort made to improve a situation that instead results in a worsened state is a latent dysfunction.Full Answer >