Individual discrimination refers to the discrimination against one person by another. It is a personal act of discrimination caused by certain negative attitudes toward another person. It can occur because of ethnic or racial differences between the affected individuals.Know More
Discrimination refers to the arbitrary denial of opportunities, rights and privileges on the basis race, gender, sex and other aspects. Discrimination is classified into individual discrimination, institutional discrimination and structural discrimination.
Individual discrimination occurs when an individual member of a given racial or ethnic origin treats another individual of a different racial or ethnic in a discriminatory manner. People can act on their negative attitudes toward another race or ethnicity when they come across individuals of that background.
Institutional discrimination pervades the management, administrative and operational practices of institutions. The dominance of the institution by members of a certain group is the premise of institutional discrimination. Institutional discrimination is more complex than individual discrimination, because it is a social issue that depends on the entire society's cultural beliefs, traditions and norms.
Structural discrimination refers to discrimination that arises from the institutional policies that directly or indirectly favor some individuals and hurt others. Although policies of institutions are meant to be fair to everyone, individuals with influence have ways of using them to discriminate against others.Learn more about Social Sciences
Most minor instances of discrimination result from natural human instincts to feel more comfortable around other people with similar traits. Discrimination can also result from ingrained beliefs in society that people with certain traits are inferior in some ways.Full Answer >
Gender discrimination is the unfair or unequal treatment of people based on their gender or sexual orientation: gender discrimination occurs against homosexuals, heterosexuals and transgenders, and may be initiated by men or women. Gender discrimination also appears as employer bias against employees or job applicants affiliated with groups of certain gender majorities, say experts at the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.Full Answer >
Prejudice refers to thoughts and attitudes a person holds toward a group of people, while discrimination refers to actual actions against such a group, as defined by the online Introduction to Sociology textbook from OpenStax College. Anti-discrimination laws exist to prevent discriminatory actions against any group of people.Full Answer >
Cultural discrimination refers to exclusion, restriction or hate that is directed at a person or a group on the basis of perceived or real differences in cultural values and beliefs. UNESCO indicates that discrimination can be direct or indirect and often leads to harassment or denial of basic rights. Religious hate, tribalism and racism are the most common forms of cultural discrimination.Full Answer >