Individual discrimination refers to the discrimination against one person by another. It is a personal act of discrimination caused by certain negative attitudes toward another person. It can occur because of ethnic or racial differences between the affected individuals.Know More
Discrimination refers to the arbitrary denial of opportunities, rights and privileges on the basis race, gender, sex and other aspects. Discrimination is classified into individual discrimination, institutional discrimination and structural discrimination.
Individual discrimination occurs when an individual member of a given racial or ethnic origin treats another individual of a different racial or ethnic in a discriminatory manner. People can act on their negative attitudes toward another race or ethnicity when they come across individuals of that background.
Institutional discrimination pervades the management, administrative and operational practices of institutions. The dominance of the institution by members of a certain group is the premise of institutional discrimination. Institutional discrimination is more complex than individual discrimination, because it is a social issue that depends on the entire society's cultural beliefs, traditions and norms.
Structural discrimination refers to discrimination that arises from the institutional policies that directly or indirectly favor some individuals and hurt others. Although policies of institutions are meant to be fair to everyone, individuals with influence have ways of using them to discriminate against others.Learn more about Social Sciences
Racial, gender, age and socio-economic inequalities lead to discrimination against some people everyday. These inequalities are present in such aspects as education, the workplace, politics, community and even health care.Full Answer >
Merton's typology of prejudice and discrimination is an examination of the four possible personality types that exist regarding the treatment, in thought and action, of minority groups. They include the all-weather liberal, fair-weather liberal, fair-weather illiberal and all-weather illiberal.Full Answer >
Indirect discrimination is a discrete type of discrimination that involves a policy, rule or procedure that is applied to everyone in a certain area but, ultimately, puts some individuals or groups at a disadvantage. Just like direct discrimination, indirect discrimination can affect people of a certain religion, race, ethnic group or age. Indirect discrimination can be posed as a formal or informal rule, practice or policy that may control behavior or set standards in the workplace.Full Answer >
The National Crime Prevention Council reports that it is important to tolerate diversity because it prevents discrimination and conflicts, enhances personal and professional relationships, promotes equality, allows people to learn from each other, enhances performance and develops a unified global society. People must embrace gender, ethnic, religious, political, social cultural and racial differences in order to enjoy the benefits of a diverse society.Full Answer >