John Locke is regarded as one of the most fundamental philosophers in the world, being responsible for greatly influencing the ideals behind both the French Enlightenment and the American Revolution, as well as founding the philosophical school of thought called Realism. John Locke was born in 1632, went on to study at Oxford University, where he studied medicine.Know More
As well as being a major driving force behind philosophy, Locke also wrote the often referenced "Two Treatises on Government," which attacked the status quo of power in England. These texts went on to become a fundamental backbone of political thought after the English civil war, before spreading across to Europe and America.
Locke was the first to argue against the God given right of kings, stating that:
Although much of Locke's political thought was a product of the time, many of these values have formed the foundations for modern democracy, morality, and human rights that continue to this day.Learn more about Philosophy
John Locke was a reluctant democrat who believed in a direct form of democracy that existed only to protect its people and to allow them to have liberty and property. Locke believed that the moment a government tampered with a person's individual rights, that government would be rebelled against and would not be servings its people.Full Answer >
John Locke believed that social contract occurred when men would transfer some or all of their rights to the government in order to ensure a comfortable living. Locke felt that social contract was part of a man's promise for freedom.Full Answer >
John Locke believed that the government existed in order to help protect people and to help society function, while Thomas Hobbes believed that people needed the government to tell them what to do, or otherwise, there would be nothing but fighting among people. Locke supported a representative government such as the English Parliament, while Hobbes supported the absolute power of leaders such as kings.Full Answer >
Determining the philosopher you most closely resemble requires examining some of your views about the world and those of some historical philosophers. This can be accomplished by answering some key ethical, metaphysical and epistemological questions.Full Answer >