Animosity between the Irish and the English has a long history, dating back to the English Reformation in 1536. England broke with the Catholic church while the Irish remained Catholic, and later English monarchs attempted to convert Ireland by force. Political conflicts between the two countries further inflamed the populace.Know More
Henry VIII broke with the Catholic church in 1536 over the Pope's refusal to grant him a divorce from his wife Catherine of Aragon. Subsequent rulers expanded the rift between the Church of England and Catholicism, and religious persecution of Catholics became a common occurrence. The Reformation also coincided with a reconquest of Ireland, and the Protestant monarchs demanded the Irish convert or be denied power in the new government.
English control of Ireland remained a sore topic for several centuries, and in the early 1900s, militant separatists fought to free Ireland from the United Kingdom. In the end, a treaty was signed that granted independence to most of Ireland, while leaving the northernmost counties under U.K. control. Nationalist groups began to agitate once more for a completely autonomous Ireland in the 1960s, leading to renewed violence between Protestants and Catholics. While the Good Friday Agreement of 1998 restored some of Ireland's autonomy and went a long way toward quelling the violence, there are many who are not going to be satisfied until the entire island of Ireland is its own nation once more.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
Stereotypes about Irish people include they all drink a lot, they all have red hair and they all have a mean temper. Although some stereotypes are truer than others, many are simply false.Full Answer >
According to The Irish Independent, the Irish people exhibit many positive traits, including a deep sense of shared familial and communal values, penetrating wit and humor and an ability for unflinching self-evaluation and critical analysis of Ireland's place in the world. One feature of Irish culture that others wish to imitate is the persistent self-identification of being Irish and the celebration of Irish heritage among the worldwide Irish diaspora.Full Answer >
Ireland is a land replete with interesting and meaningful traditions and customs. Almost every social or cultural event or milestone from birth to death is sure to have an attending tradition, whether it is tying the hands of the bride and groom together before marriage or hitting the front door of the house with a large cake.Full Answer >
Two common Irish birthday traditions are "bumping" the birthday child and "key-giving." The tradition of key-giving occurs only with the celebration of the 21st birthday and involves the birthday child receiving a key to the house as a coming-of-age symbol.Full Answer >