Jerusalem is important to Muslims because it is believed that the Prophet Muhammad ascended to the heavens from Jerusalem after being taken there from Mecca. Muslims also faced Jerusalem in prayer instead of Mecca because of its connection to Moses, Abraham, Jesus and other prophets.Know More
According to Inside Islam, Muhammad did not believe that he was creating a new religion. Instead, he felt that he was furthering the religion created by earlier prophets. Because he felt that Islam shared the same theological lineage as Christianity and Judaism, Jerusalem symbolized a connection between those faiths. Muslims also believe that Muhammad met the past prophets and led them in prayer in Jerusalem, which helped to give it context within the broader tradition of monotheism.
Muhammad said that Muslims should visit the Sacred Mosque in Mecca, the mosque in Medina and Masjid al-Aqsa, which means the furthest Mosque, in Jerusalem. This has helped Muslims to continually hold Jerusalem in high esteem.
Jerusalem was captured by Muslims in 637, who made it the chief shrine of Islam after Mecca. The Dome of the Rock was constructed in the city between 688 and 691 on the site where Muslims believe that Muhammad ascended to the heavens.Learn more about Islam
Over one billion Muslims live in Asia, which makes it the continent with the highest Muslim population. Indonesia is the country with the largest Muslim population, with 209 million people.Full Answer >
There are lots of Muslims who happen to be famous, like American converts Dave Chappelle and Shaquille O'Neal and international political figures such as Benazir Bhutto, the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan. There are many American entertainment industry celebrities who affiliate themselves in one way or another with the Islamic faith.Full Answer >
Prophet Muhammad is important to the Muslims because he was the one who revealed the Islamic religion to humanity. He was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in 570 A.D., and he was considered to be the last prophet to be sent by Allah.Full Answer >
One significant issue is that Sunnis believed that only the most pious of the Prophet's disciples should become caliphs, but the Shiites argued that succession should be based on bloodline. Abu Bakr succeeded Muhammad, but Shiites wanted Ali, a cousin of the Prophet, to become caliph.Full Answer >