The pope's job is to lead the Catholic church and to serve as the Bishop of Rome. A pope's role entails religious as well as political duties.Know More
In Catholic tradition, the pope's role is derived from that of St. Peter, whom Christ appointed to build up the church. The pope serves as the spiritual leader for the world's Catholics. His religious duties include officiating major holiday services, such as Christmas and Easter, at St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican. He also delivers a blessing to the tourists and congregants who gather in St. Peter's Square every week.
As the head of the Catholic church, the pope also appoint bishops. The pope is required to meet with each of his 5,000 bishops at least once every 5 years, which means he must meet with about 20 of them every week. While popes have historically lived their lives completely within the walls of the Vatican, modern popes have a much busier schedule. They travel, meet with world leaders and deliver Masses all over the world.
The pope's role is also political because the pope is the head of state of Vatican City, which is a sovereign enclave located inside Rome. As head of state, the pope accepts important visitors, such as world monarchs and representatives of foreign governments.
The pope has a team of assistants who assist him in performing his duties. This includes a butler, nuns who see to his housekeeping needs, private secretaries and speechwriters.Learn more in Christianity
In the years leading up to the Reformation, the Catholic church was suffering from corruption, clergymen were acquiring a lot of money while citizens remained poor and monasteries were beginning to decline. The first person to challenge the Church's authority was Martin Luther in Germany, and his cause was seized upon by leaders throughout Europe for differing reasons.Full Answer >
The youngest Pope to be acknowledged by the Vatican was John XII, who reigned from 955 to 963. He was approximately 18 years old at the time of his election, which was carried out to honor the dying wish of his father, Alberic II.Full Answer >
The traditional home of the Pope is a papal apartment area in the Apostolic Palace inside the Vatican City, which is a small city-state inside Italy. Pope Francis, who remains in his role as of 2014, opted to reside in a Vatican guesthouse where he lived prior to becoming Pope.Full Answer >
Some Catholic Popes who were famously arrested are Leo V, John X, Boniface VIII, Pius VI, Pius VII and Pius XII. Though there were several Popes who were arguably criminals, none of these arrests had to do with criminal behavior. Rather, the arrests were either retaliatory or an attempt to bend the Pope to the will of the arresting country or ruler.Full Answer >