John B. Watson's theory of behavior explains all human actions as responses to stimuli. His practice of the science of behaviorism, which studies what people do and makes predictions as a result of those observations, showed him that human conditioning comes as a result of inner reactions to stimuli.Know More
Environmental conditioning comes from a variety of sources, and the earliest tend to come from input from parents and other caregivers. One of the most common words that toddlers hear is "no" as they start experimenting with actions and words, learning from the reaction which are and are not appropriate. Walking up to a stove with the intent of yanking on the metal handle that extends from the front usually leads to a loud, negative response from the adult in the room. If not, the boiling water that is inside the pot connected to that handle provides another powerful environmental stimulus, even more painful than the spanking that the adult may have administered.
Over time, people learn to act as a result of this behavioral conditioning, according to Watson. With age come more and more sophisticated decisions with resulting responses. As consequences become more and more lasting, those who have successfully learned lessons from conditioning experience higher levels of success.Learn more about Psychology
Negative reinforcement is a concept in psychology's theory of operant conditioning that suggests a behavior is strengthened when a negative outcome is stopped, removed, avoided or prevented. Negative reinforcement is an effective method of strengthening a desired behavior. Unlike punishment, negative reinforcement attempts to increase a specific behavior.Full Answer >
Interpersonal behavior is the behavior and actions that are present in human relationships. The way in which people communicate, and all that this entails, is considered interpersonal behavior.Full Answer >
"Self-perception" refers to the way in which people come to understand their own attitudes and beliefs based on their behavior in given situations. It is effectively a model of oneself from the perspective of an outside observer.Full Answer >
In psychology, adaptation-level phenomenon is the human tendency to adapt to stimuli while expecting future stimuli to be the same. The term was coined by author David G. Meyers.Full Answer >