John B. Watson's theory of behavior explains all human actions as responses to stimuli. His practice of the science of behaviorism, which studies what people do and makes predictions as a result of those observations, showed him that human conditioning comes as a result of inner reactions to stimuli.Know More
Environmental conditioning comes from a variety of sources, and the earliest tend to come from input from parents and other caregivers. One of the most common words that toddlers hear is "no" as they start experimenting with actions and words, learning from the reaction which are and are not appropriate. Walking up to a stove with the intent of yanking on the metal handle that extends from the front usually leads to a loud, negative response from the adult in the room. If not, the boiling water that is inside the pot connected to that handle provides another powerful environmental stimulus, even more painful than the spanking that the adult may have administered.
Over time, people learn to act as a result of this behavioral conditioning, according to Watson. With age come more and more sophisticated decisions with resulting responses. As consequences become more and more lasting, those who have successfully learned lessons from conditioning experience higher levels of success.Learn more about Psychology
The perceptual process is the method by which humans take information, or stimuli, from the environment and create meaning or reaction to the stimuli. Perceptual process is a continual function of the brain. People may not be aware of the actual steps of the process because it is automatic and instantaneous.Full Answer >
Primary deviance is a behavior in which the participant does not react negatively to perceived misbehavior, while secondary deviance occurs after a person's negative reactions to being labeled a deviant by society, according to SparkNotes. Sociologist Edwin Lemert first proposed the theory of primary and secondary deviance in 1951 as part of his labeling theory.Full Answer >
The best way to stop picking your nose and eating its contents is to change your behavior by covering your fingers. This tactic forces you to be more mindful of your bad habit each time you attempt to pick your nose.Full Answer >
The nature versus nurture debate seeks to determine to what extent inherited and learned aspects impact the behavior of a person. Different approaches in the field of psychology focus on one side, or both, to a varying degree. The biological approach and behaviorism occupy the two ends of the spectrum.Full Answer >