Karl Marx's contributions to sociology include the concepts of dialectical materialism and alienation. Along with Emile Durkheim and Max Weber, Marx is seen as one of the three founders of the social sciences. Marx's theories, which have come to be grouped under the term Marxism, centered on the intersection of society, economics and politics.Know More
Marx perceived societal progress in human history through the idea of class struggle. The notion of dialectical materialism focuses, in some sense, on the societal struggle between the ruling economic class and the subjugated working class. Marx saw this system as untenable and predicted that the economic apparatus of capitalism would eventually collapse on itself, leading to socialism.
Marx was among the first thinkers to recognize the sociological impact of economics and class stratification. He investigated the effects of the capitalist system on the lives of workers as well the deep relationship between class inequality and culture.
Marx wrote extensively about the problem of alienation, in which laborers essentially give up their labor to the market, seeing little in return – small profits and no sense of accomplishment at having actually made something. Marx argued that this alienation from labor, as well as the alienation of being trapped in a social class with little control over economic circumstances, amounted to a fundamental disconnection between humans and their humanity.Learn more about Social Sciences
Karl Marx was a philosopher who believed that capitalism was flawed and that socialist economic approaches would yield better results. His work influenced a wide range of later economists and philosophers. The merit of his work is still heavily debated.Full Answer >
Although Karl Marx died long before the Russian Revolution actually took place, he is credited with having the radical political views that eventually led to the revolution. Mark was an extremely influential writer in the 1800s. With the help of Friedrich Engels, he published the work “The Communist Manifesto,” which discussed the theory of socialism following the problems found with capitalism.Full Answer >
Karl Marx's theory of social change relates to the class struggle that defined the 19th century, namely that of the ruling classes (the bourgeoisie) suppressing the working classes (the proletariat), and as a result Marx's theory of social change stated that economic needs should be pursued purely on the basis of need while providing general well-being for all. This theory is and was at odds with capitalism, which, according to Marx, only helped fuel class divisions.Full Answer >
Max Weber is credited as one of the three founders of sociology, but his most well-known contribution was his thesis that combined economic and religious sociology. This thesis proposed that ascetic Protestantism was associated with the rise of Western market-driven capitalism.Full Answer >