Auguste Comte is best known for coining the term "sociology." Comte was born in France shortly after the French Revolution. In response to the social upheaval and alienation of the period, he devoted himself to the study of society, which he called sociology.Know More
Comte divided sociology into two main branches: social statics, which is the study of forces holding society together, and social dynamics, which is the study of forces causing social change. Comte's observations and analyses were based on scientific principles. He believed that because society operates according to its own set of laws, similar to the way the physical world operates according to physical laws, it should be studied as a social science. He called this approach positivism. According to positivism, sociologists should focus only on what they can observe with their senses so they can acquire reliable, valid knowledge about how society works. They can then use that knowledge to stimulate social change and improve the human condition.
Comte was a major influence on other writers and thinkers of the 19th century, including George Eliot, Karl Marx and John Stuart Mill. Comte's ideas and methods also advanced the field of sociology in general, especially modern academic sociology, which emphasizes practical and objective social research.Learn more about Religion
The largest religion in Sweden is Lutheran Christianity. Around 65 percent of all Swedish people are members of the Church of Sweden, a Lutheran church.Full Answer >
According to the U.S. Department of State, the main religion of Brazil is Roman Catholicism. An estimated 64.6 percent of Brazil's population of 190 million profess that faith.Full Answer >
More than 60 percent of Australians identify themselves as Christian; the majority of Christians in Australia are Roman Catholics. Like the United States, Australia does not have an official national religion. Freedom of religion is an important value to many Australians.Full Answer >
The main religion of Argentina is Roman Catholicism. Because Argentina does not keep official records of religious affiliation, estimates vary, but the Roman Catholic population is somewhere between 76 and 92 percent of Argentina's population. However, only around 20 percent of Argentines are practicing Catholics.Full Answer >