There are various main features of mosques throughout the world: the sahn (courtyard), the mihrab (niche), the minaret (tower) and the qubba (dome). A mosque is a Muslim gathering place for prayer, where all men are required to gather for the Friday afternoon prayer. Mosques are also used by Muslims throughout the week for study, rest and reflection.Know More
The sahn is usually attached to the prayer hall that provides room for the congregation and fountains for the ablutions, a ritual cleansing performed before prayer. The mihrab is a niche in the wall that indicates the direction of Mecca, where all Muslims face during prayer. The minaret is attached to the mosque. It serves as a reminder of the presence of Islam. It is also the place from where prayers are called. The qubba is the most recognizable feature of a mosque. It is a dome that symbolizes the vault of heaven. Mosques normally have one to three domes.
Most mosques have similar furnishings. There is usually large calligraphic frieze or inscribed cartouche above the mihrab with quotations from the Koran, the holy book of Islam. Most mosques also have hanging lamps. Mosques often have institutions such as soup kitchens, hospitals, schools and even mausoleums attached to them.Learn More
Muslims gather to worship at a mosque. It is also called by the Arabic word "masjid," which means "place of prostration." Muslims follow the religion known as Islam, which worships one god, known as Allah.Full Answer >
Muslims pray in congregation in a mosque, and they do so facing towards the Kaaba in Mecca. The person leading the prayer is called an imam and is chosen as per his knowledge of the Holy Quran. The rest of the people stand behind the imam in straight rows and follow him. Behind the imam, in the first row, is a person who corrects him if he makes a mistake.Full Answer >
In the Islamic tradition, a qibla wall is a wall of a mosque that indicates the direction followers must face during daily prayer. Such a wall is often identified by an ornamental indentation known as a mihrab.Full Answer >
The symbols of Islam are the crescent moon with the star, the likeness of a mosque and Allah written in Arabic. The crescent moon with the star is not uniformly accepted as a symbol of Islam; it was adopted by the Ottoman Empire, so it is not originally Muslim.Full Answer >