There are various main features of mosques throughout the world: the sahn (courtyard), the mihrab (niche), the minaret (tower) and the qubba (dome). A mosque is a Muslim gathering place for prayer, where all men are required to gather for the Friday afternoon prayer. Mosques are also used by Muslims throughout the week for study, rest and reflection.
The sahn is usually attached to the prayer hall that provides room for the congregation and fountains for the ablutions, a ritual cleansing performed before prayer. The mihrab is a niche in the wall that indicates the direction of Mecca, where all Muslims face during prayer. The minaret is attached to the mosque. It serves as a reminder of the presence of Islam. It is also the place from where prayers are called. The qubba is the most recognizable feature of a mosque. It is a dome that symbolizes the vault of heaven. Mosques normally have one to three domes.
Most mosques have similar furnishings. There is usually large calligraphic frieze or inscribed cartouche above the mihrab with quotations from the Koran, the holy book of Islam. Most mosques also have hanging lamps. Mosques often have institutions such as soup kitchens, hospitals, schools and even mausoleums attached to them.Learn More
Muslims gather to worship at a mosque. It is also called by the Arabic word "masjid," which means "place of prostration." Muslims follow the religion known as Islam, which worships one god, known as Allah.Full Answer >
Muslims go to the mosque on Fridays for the purpose of congregational prayers. While Muslims can pray anywhere and at a time of their own choosing, Friday is viewed as the holy day of the week. Muslims have the opportunity to come together and enhance the Islamic brotherhood.Full Answer >
In the Islamic tradition, a qibla wall is a wall of a mosque that indicates the direction followers must face during daily prayer. Such a wall is often identified by an ornamental indentation known as a mihrab.Full Answer >
A mosque is an Islamic place of worship that is used by Muslims. Mosques can be found on almost every street in Muslim countries and are present throughout the world. Muslims are encouraged, if not required, to attend mosques five times a day for prayer.Full Answer >