Q:

What are the major agents of socialization?

A:

The major agents of socialization are the family, the school, peer groups and media. Socialization is a process that starts at birth and continues through the lifespan. Each person learns values, beliefs and social norms through socialization. This process also influences a person's identity and role within society.

The family is the primary agent of socialization for the first five years of life. Children learn how to behave and are first introduced to society through the family. The family has a profound impact on the socialization process because children learn through the examples of parents. For example, boys and girls learn what it means to be men and women by watching their mothers and fathers interact.

When children begin school, they learn how to behave in society. During this time, children also learn their own functions within society and how social order works. Later in life, other institutions, such as the government and workplace, influence the socialization process.

Peer groups influence the way children interact in social settings. Often, the first peer group a child is introduced to is in the classroom. As children age, peer groups can have a major impact on behavior, influencing everything from style of clothing to lifestyle choices.

Media is a relatively new agent of socialization. Media influences the way children think by reflecting social norms. Media also has a generally negative affect on children and adults because images are often constructed. Developing a negative body image is a common result of media socialization.

Learn More

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What do the Yanomami people eat?

    A:

    The Yanomami people eat a variety of foods, such as wild honey, plantains, corn, cassava, fruits, seeds, fowl, deer, armadillos, nuts and monkey. These people eat the foods that they grow, hunt or gather. While the men do the hunting, women either gather or help with the planting of crops.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What race are Hispanic people?

    A:

    Hispanic people can be of any race, since the term "Hispanic" is most often used as a catch-all category for people who come from Spanish-speaking countries, such as Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. It is less frequently used to describe people from Spain.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    When did mummification start?

    A:

    Formal mummification can be traced to the 4th dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Before that, the natural mummification of bodies occurred because of their burial in dry, Egyptian sand that preserved their bodies.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What was the first human race on Earth?

    A:

    According to an article published in The Independent, the San people are most likely the oldest human population group to inhabit Earth. The claim is based on an extensive analysis of African DNA in a study published in the journal Science.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore