Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist whose major contribution was establishing sociology as a major science. Along with Max Weber and Karl Marx, Durkheim is responsible for establishing social science and social psychology as an academic discipline within the college setting. He is considered the father of social science.Know More
In 1887 at the University of Bordeaux, Émile Durkheim was reluctantly given the title “Chargéd'un Cours de Science Sociale et de Pédagogie,” which loosely translates to Professor of Social Science. It was under this guise that sociology first entered the French university system. The mostly “humanist” faculty at Bordeaux preferred the traditional views of history, law and philosophy and were not happy about Durkheim’s presence. Durkheim aroused fears of “social imperialism.” During Durkheim’s tenure at Bordeaux from 1887 to 1902, his main job was to lecture on the theory, history and practice of education. He also held Saturday morning lectures on social science for the public and covered topics such as incest, totemism, suicide, crime, religion, socialism, law, family and kinship.
Durkheim wrote four major works during his lifetime. The first, “The Division of Labor in Society” was published in 1893. “The Rules of Sociological Method” was published in 1895. “Suicide," his third major work, was published in 1897, and “The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life” was published in 1912.Learn More
Plato was a philosopher and mathematician who changed the way philosophy was perceived and practiced in the Western world. He abandoned political power in the oligarchy to seek out virtue. Influenced by Socrates, Plato wrote some of the most enduring pieces of philosophical literature, which have had noted influences on every subsequent culture that read them. He founded the Academy and taught Aristotle, who also shaped Western thought and behavior.Full Answer >
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Alexander the Great's major contribution to history was the spread of Greek culture throughout the Middle East and Central Asia. His large territorial empire also encouraged trade between cultures that had previously had little contact, encouraging economic growth and the flow of ideas between Greece and North India.Full Answer >
Also referred to as Charles the Great, Charlemagne is considered the first Holy Roman Emperor, and some of his accomplishments included the eliminating the Avar Empire and removing Duke Tassilo from Bavaria. Charlemagne also assisted Pope Adrian I, by seizing Pavia to prevent the Lombard king from pressuring him to anoint his sons as Frankish kings.Full Answer >
A personal timeline is a graph or diagram that visualizes significant moments in a person's life. It highlights the causal events, both positive and negative, that lead to what has become of the person in the present.Full Answer >