Based on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, or MBTI, there are 16 varieties of personality types. This classification system is constructed from the four principal psychological functions by which Carl Jung theorized that individuals experience the world around them: thinking, feeling, intuition and sensation. The final 16 classifications, devised by the mother-and-daughter team of Katherine Briggs and Isabel Myers, arranges the combinations of Jung's four principal functions into four-way combinations of an individual's natural preferences for the manner in which learning, conclusion-development and decision-making are accomplished.Know More
The 16 personality types outlined by Myers and Briggs are based on four dichotomies and the natural preference for one over the other. The four dichotomies are: extroversion versus introversion, sensing versus intuition, thinking versus feeling and judging versus perception. The individual's preference is then indicated by the first letter of the preference with the exception of "N" representing "intuition" to distinguish it from the "I" used for "introversion." For example, an individual whose personality is categorized as ISFJ has a natural preference for introversion, sensing, feeling and judging when learning or making decisions. An individual whose personality is ENFP would demonstrate a preference for extroversion, intuition, feeling and perception.
The personality types categorized under the MBTI system are all considered healthy and normal. They demonstrate learning-style and experience-processing preferences, none of which are considered either deficient or pathological. The Myers-Briggs indicators are often used in the areas of career counseling, group dynamics, leadership training and personal development.Learn more about Psychology
One of the most popular personality assessment tools is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, or MBTI instrument, which is a copyrighted product of the Myers & Briggs Foundation. Other personality tests (all of which are trademarked brands of HumanMetrics) include the Jung Typology Test, Jung Marriage Test, Small Business Entrepreneur Profiler and Risk Attitudes Profiler.Full Answer >
According to the Organizational Development Portal, people with melancholic personalities are introverted and thoughtful, with significant capacity for artistic creativity. The same source notes that perfectionism is a common trait in the melancholic.Full Answer >
A hardy personality is one that has a large amount of commitment, control and challenge. People who exhibit hardy personalities are less likely to suffer the ill effects that stress can cause on the mind and body. The personality they exhibit can buffer out the effects that stress has on people.Full Answer >
A defensive personality is associated with a person who uses defense mechanisms, such as denial, rationalization, projection, repression, and reaction formations to avoid unpleasant tasks or interactions. An individual with a defensive personality is often unable to actively listen to others while chronically preparing a defense strategy.Full Answer >