Q:

How many personality types are there?

A:

Quick Answer

Based on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, or MBTI, there are 16 varieties of personality types. This classification system is constructed from the four principal psychological functions by which Carl Jung theorized that individuals experience the world around them: thinking, feeling, intuition and sensation. The final 16 classifications, devised by the mother-and-daughter team of Katherine Briggs and Isabel Myers, arranges the combinations of Jung's four principal functions into four-way combinations of an individual's natural preferences for the manner in which learning, conclusion-development and decision-making are accomplished.

Know More

Full Answer

The 16 personality types outlined by Myers and Briggs are based on four dichotomies and the natural preference for one over the other. The four dichotomies are: extroversion versus introversion, sensing versus intuition, thinking versus feeling and judging versus perception. The individual's preference is then indicated by the first letter of the preference with the exception of "N" representing "intuition" to distinguish it from the "I" used for "introversion." For example, an individual whose personality is categorized as ISFJ has a natural preference for introversion, sensing, feeling and judging when learning or making decisions. An individual whose personality is ENFP would demonstrate a preference for extroversion, intuition, feeling and perception.

The personality types categorized under the MBTI system are all considered healthy and normal. They demonstrate learning-style and experience-processing preferences, none of which are considered either deficient or pathological. The Myers-Briggs indicators are often used in the areas of career counseling, group dynamics, leadership training and personal development.

Learn more about Psychology

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are personality characteristics?

    A:

    Personality characteristics are the different traits that a person has that define who they are as an individual and can include traits, such as agreeable, deep, earnest, empathetic, energetic, enthusiastic, gracious, helpful, honest, honorable, idealistic, incisive, kind, leisurely, logical, lyrical, mature, neat, open, optimistic, passionate, patient, perceptive, self-defacing and stoic according to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Personality characteristics, or traits, are often analyzed when a person applies for a new job or meets a new social contact.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a Machiavellian personality?

    A:

    People with Machiavellian personality manipulates and controls others in order to gain or profit from themselves. The European Association of Psychology and Laws describes a Machiavellian as "one who thinks that the end justifies the means, regardless of human suffering." The term "Machiavellian" was coined from 16th-century French diplomat Niccolo Machiavelli, who was best known for his book "The Prince," considered a guide for manipulative, unscrupulous politicians, states Biography's website.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between personality and character?

    A:

    The difference between personality and character is that personality often refers to traits that an individual was born with while character largely involves defining an individual's integrity. Common examples of personalities include extroverted, shy, energetic, lazy, confident, funny and negative. Character traits may include kindness, honesty and virtue.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a complex personality?

    A:

    A complex personality is simply one that features many facets or levels. A personality complex, according to the renowned psychologist Karl Jung, is a fixation around a set of ideas.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore