Q:

How many personality types are there?

A:

Based on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, or MBTI, there are 16 varieties of personality types. This classification system is constructed from the four principal psychological functions by which Carl Jung theorized that individuals experience the world around them: thinking, feeling, intuition and sensation. The final 16 classifications, devised by the mother-and-daughter team of Katherine Briggs and Isabel Myers, arranges the combinations of Jung's four principal functions into four-way combinations of an individual's natural preferences for the manner in which learning, conclusion-development and decision-making are accomplished.

Know More

Full Answer

The 16 personality types outlined by Myers and Briggs are based on four dichotomies and the natural preference for one over the other. The four dichotomies are: extroversion versus introversion, sensing versus intuition, thinking versus feeling and judging versus perception. The individual's preference is then indicated by the first letter of the preference with the exception of "N" representing "intuition" to distinguish it from the "I" used for "introversion." For example, an individual whose personality is categorized as ISFJ has a natural preference for introversion, sensing, feeling and judging when learning or making decisions. An individual whose personality is ENFP would demonstrate a preference for extroversion, intuition, feeling and perception.

The personality types categorized under the MBTI system are all considered healthy and normal. They demonstrate learning-style and experience-processing preferences, none of which are considered either deficient or pathological. The Myers-Briggs indicators are often used in the areas of career counseling, group dynamics, leadership training and personal development.

Learn more in Psychology

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is personality development?

    A:

    Personality development is a transgression through cognitive, social and moral development while maturing and understanding how reactions and emotions affect personal well-being. Various steps and stages occur when a person's personality develops.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a melancholy personality?

    A:

    According to the Organizational Development Portal, people with melancholic personalities are introverted and thoughtful, with significant capacity for artistic creativity. The same source notes that perfectionism is a common trait in the melancholic.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the determinants of personality?

    A:

    The determinants of personality are the factors that influence the development of personality, such as nature, or biological, and nurture, or environmental. Views differ on the key determinants of personality, and more contemporary theories point toward the possibility of situational and physical factors in addition to the traditional nature/nurture dialectic.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the nature of personality?

    A:

    Personality is the term given to the attributes people take on that are attributed to personal life experience. Personality traits heavily influence the way individuals interact with the world and increases or decreases their chance at success in life.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore