Most anthropologists recognize that there are four major race classifications in the world, which include caucasian, mongoloid or asian, negroid or black and australoid. The race classification was created by Carleston S. Coon in 1962. The four major races can then be further subdivided into 30 subgroups.Know More
Although all races share over 99% of the same genetic material, the classification and division of races is largely subjective, and all races belong to the same species - Homo sapiens. Scientifically, races are defined as a group of people that are separated and grouped together due to the fact that they have common inherited traits that distinguishes them from other groups.
The notion of race is also divided based on geographic separation, social and cultural differences and distinguished physical differences. Human typologies are commonly differentiated based on the following physical axes:
These physical attributes do not necessarily have a strong correlation with genetic variations. As a result, the United Nations has opted to drop the term "race" and replace it with "ethnic groups" instead. According to a 1998 study published in the Scientific American, there are more than 5,000 ethnic groups in the world.Learn more in Anthropology
Paleontologists study creatures from ancient times via fossil evidence, geology, models and simulations that help them understand past environments, geological events and the history of life. While paleontologists are associated in the public mind with the study of dinosaurs, their field also studies microscopic creatures, plants and prehistoric humans.Full Answer >
The role of an anthropologist is to research on biological, sociohistorical, linguistical and archaeological aspects of human beings. Anthropology is divided into four fields including cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, archaeology and linguistic anthropology. Most anthropologists only pursue one of these fields as a career.Full Answer >
The Paleozoic Era was a prehistoric period in earth's history that ran for about 290 million years. The University of California Museum of Palaeontology reports that the beginning of the Paleozoic Era was defined by an explosion of species diversity as multicelled animals began to evolve into different species. The Paleozoic Era ended with a mass extinction event that wiped out about 90 percent of all these new species.Full Answer >
Native American burial grounds are typically identified by bone fragments and ancient artifacts found in the earth in an area where Native Americans may have lived. Burial grounds are sometimes destroyed in the process of modern construction, leading to protests and outrage that goes ignored by some companies.Full Answer >