Martin Luther is well known as the Father of Protestantism, and he is famous for initiating the Protestant Reformation and changing the course of Western civilization. He spread the teaching that all men are equal and that people can only receive salvation when they attain true faith in Jesus.
Martin Luther was a German monk, theologian, priest, church reformer and university professor. He challenged the papacy and stated that the Holy Bible is the only real source of Christian doctrine. His theological views became his legacy. One of his most notable works was the "95 Theses of Contention," a list that contained 95 issues of heretical theology and crimes of the Roman Catholic Church. His work accused the Roman Catholic Church of heresy and propelled numerous people to become reformers. Luther was also the first person to paraphrase the Bible into a commonly spoken German dialect.
About.com explains that Martin Luther is one of the most prominent theologians in Christian history, as he was responsible for starting the Protestant Reformation. Some Christians during the 16th century regarded him as a pioneering defender of truth and religious freedom. Others considered him a heretic leader of a religious revolt. Many Christians agree that he greatly influenced the Protestant movement in Christianity.Learn More
Martin Luther objected to the selling of indulgences in his "95 Theses" because he felt that it was wrong to promise that souls would be relieved from purgatory based on a simple monetary contribution, and he also felt that the pope did not have the right to grant a pardon from God. An indulgence was a pardon for certain types of sins and the Catholic Church sold these indulgences to church members.Full Answer >
Martin Luther wrote "The Ninety-Five Theses" because he was dissatisfied with several practices of the Roman Catholic Church, including the sale of indulgences, the abuse of priestly power and the power of the Pope. He also argued that faith, not deeds, is the path to salvation. By making these arguments public, he sparked a religious revolution that came to be known as the Protestant Reformation.Full Answer >
The Council of Trent managed to pass a number of reforms and clarify a number of the doctrines that had been questioned by Luther during the Great Reformation. The council was held in several small meetings from 1545 to 1563. During this time very few of the leaders of the church came to the Council despite there being 700 bishops that could have attended from day one and in the end only a total of 270 did so.Full Answer >
There is no such thing as the Catholic Reformation, although there was a Protestant Reformation in 16th century Europe. This Reformation came out of the Christian practitioners frustration with the Catholic faith.Full Answer >