In psychology, maturation is the process of development in which an individual matures or reaches full functionality. Originally, maturation examined only biological forces, such as the aging process, involved in a child's changes in behavior. Maturation theories evolved to include cognitive development as a result of biological maturation and environmental experiences. Modern concepts of maturation theorize that it is the process of learning to cope and to react in emotionally appropriate ways.Know More
Along with growth and learning, maturation is one of three processes that play a central role in a person's development. Maturation does not necessarily happen along with aging or physical growth, but is a part of growth and development.
The concept of maturation was pioneered by Arnold Gesell in the 1940s. He emphasized nature's role in human development. In developmental psychology, the concept of maturation was advanced by Jean Piaget. For him, simply growing up played a crucial role in children's increasing capacity to understand their world, posing that children cannot undertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough. Today, cognitive theories of development do not adopt a strictly biological perspective. Instead, maturation relates to the interplay between genetics and socio-environmental influences. Also, maturation is no longer seen as being limited to childhood.Learn more about Psychology
The world needs psychology because it allows people to better understand how the mind works. Having this understanding allows mental illnesses to be better diagnosed and managed, helps people manage their relationships with those around them, encourages those with depression or anxiety to take steps to improve their conditions, and promotes an overall healthier mental state.Full Answer >
Humanistic psychology is the fundamental belief that mental and social problems result when innately good people deviate from their natural tendencies. The concept, referred to as humanism, emerged in the 1950s as a response to pessimistic psychoanalysis and behaviorism that focused on tragic emotions rather than the role of choice.Full Answer >
The psychodynamic approach to psychology does not use the usual scientific routes of explanation, instead it focuses on the individual's thoughts on experiences, how they see the world and their relationships. Psychologist Sigmund Freud is considered to be the founder of the psychodynamic approach.Full Answer >
Positive psychology refers to a branch in psychology that focuses on helping people to lead happy, healthy and prosperous lives. Positive psychology uses scientific evidence to implement interventions that promote the flourishing of families and communities, notes About.com.Full Answer >