Moral decisions are grounded in an individual's sense of ethics, which may be defined using approaches such as the utilitarian approach, the rights approach, the justice approach or the virtue approach. Because of the different ways ethics are defined by different people, some decisions are likely to be considered moral by some and immoral by others.Know More
In the utilitarian approach, a moral decision is one that causes the most good for the most people while harming the fewest people. The rights approach defines morality in terms of the rights possessed by human beings, such as the rights to privacy, safety and truth, as well as the right to not be used by other people. Under this more rigid system, a moral decision is one that does not violate the personal rights of any individual.
The justice approach is also known as the fairness approach. A moral decision in the justice approach is one that treats all parties involved equally, with no signs of discrimination or favoritism.
The virtue approach assumes that individuals are constantly striving towards future goals and ideals regarding who they want to be. In the virtue approach, a moral decision is one that is consistent with both who the individual is, who he eventually wants to become and whether this decision is moving him towards those virtues or away from them.Learn more about Psychology
George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States, and Gabrielle "Gabby" Giffords, former Congresswoman from Arizona, are two people who have shown moral courage. To recognize their accomplishments, they have been awarded the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award by the John F. Kennedy Library in Boston, Massachusetts.Full Answer >
Piaget's theory of moral development describes how children transition from doing right because of the consequences of an authority figure to making right choices due to ideal reciprocity or what is best for the other person. Piaget ties moral development to cognitive development. Piaget published his work in the 1920s, though it took several decades to become prominent.Full Answer >
Modern models of climate change are grounded in observable evidence and reasonable inference, so they can be regarded as factual. Global warming happens when sunlight warms the Earth's surface and causes it to radiate heat back up into the atmosphere. That heat is then trapped by several known gases.Full Answer >
The utilitarian approach, also called utilitarianism, is essentially a moral principle that asserts that morally correct actions are those that provide the greatest volume of benefits over harms for the majority of people. Those people who ascribe to the theory of utilitarianism believe that in virtually all situations, the morally just route is one that provides the most benefits to groups of people, even if the benefits derive from socially unacceptable actions such as lies, coercion and use of excess force.Full Answer >