Q:

What are the national symbols of Spain?

A:

The national symbols of Spain include the flag, coat of arms, motto, anthem and three animals. The flag of the country consists of three horizontal bands of red, yellow and red with the coat of arms set left of center.

The Spanish coat of arms consists of a shield bearing the arms of the six historical kingdoms of Spain: Castile, León, Aragon, Navarre, Granada and Bourbon. Flanking the shield on either side are the Pillars of Hercules, as the Strait of Gibraltar is classically known. The motto of Spain, "Plus ultra," is on a ribbon winding around the pillars. One small crown tops each pillar, representing the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Emperor and the Crown of Spain, which is duplicated larger above the shield.

The national anthem of Spain is "Himno Nacional Español," while the national animals of the country are the bull, Spanish imperial eagle and Iberian lynx.

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