Sociology is the study of human society, including its origins, development, functioning and organization. Considered the youngest of the sciences, the term "sociology" was coined in 1838 by Auguste Comte. A philosopher and scientist by training, Comte believed that sociology should be based on observation and classification rather than speculation and authority. There are two schools of study in the discipline, the formal and the synthetic (from synthesis).Know More
Followers of the formal school believed in restricting the scope of their work to factors that could be clearly defined. George Simmel believed social interactions take various forms, such as cooperative, competitive and subordinate relationships. Other members of the formal school argued that relationship types and their sub-categories represented about 650 forms of human interaction. One famous member of the formal school, Max Weber, believed that sociology should concern itself with political systems as manifestations of social behavior.
Followers of the synthetic school favored a blend, or synthesis, of various areas of study. The three principal divisions of the synthetic school were social morphology, which was concerned with population size, density and distribution; social structure of groups and institutions; and social physiology, which analyzes institutions such as religion, law and economics. Karl Mannheim, a leader of the synthetic school, worked on the issues of leadership and consensus in modern societies.Learn more about Social Sciences
Peter Berger's "Invitation to Sociology" is an introduction to sociology as an academic discipline. It explores how sociology differs from other academic subjects in that it focuses on human interaction as well as statistical research.Full Answer >
Sociology examines social interactions and human society as a whole, while other social sciences focus on more specific areas of social interaction Other social sciences include economics, political science and psychology, among others.Full Answer >
Sociology refers to the study and investigation of social life, the changes taking place in society and the consequences and causes of social behavior. The study of structures of societies, groups and organizations is carried out by sociologists employing a range of investigative and research techniques applicable to an almost inclusive spectrum of social life.Full Answer >
The study of sociology provides valuable insights into how human behavior is shaped and influenced by the societal forces of group interaction. The insight gained from a study of sociology leads to a greater understanding of how individuals and groups interact at the local, national and worldwide level. This understanding also better prepares an individual for a wide variety of career paths in the areas of human resources, business management, assessment, research and any area in which a global awareness coupled with critical thinking skills is an asset.Full Answer >