Q:

What are the objectives of psychology?

A:

Quick Answer

The objectives of psychology are  to learn about the mind's subconscious, the mind's  consciousness and the reasons for human behavior. Psychology is essential to  study for treating mental disorders, other biological diseases, such as  Alzheimer's, and looking at the way the mind functions with memory and emotion.

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One aspect of psychology is the classification system for defining a psychological disorder. Defining psychological disorders allows psychologists to treat clients effectively.

Psychologists test their clients using objective testing as well as projective testing. An example of an objective test would be the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory.  An example of a projective test would be the Rorscharch inkblot test.

There are three criterion that are used in determining whether or not a client has a psychological disorder:

  1. Whether or not a person is demonstrating behavior that is harmful to the person or to other people. An example of this would be someone who is self-injuring or who is drinking too much alcohol.
  2. If  a person  violates a cultural standard, such as a person who believes that he or she is the messiah and lectures the shoppers at grocery stores.
  3. The feeling of distress, which can show itself as anxiety, depression or pain.

For a disorder to be present, it must interfere with the person's ability to function at an optimal level.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why do we need psychology?

    A:

    The world needs psychology because it allows people to better understand how the mind works. Having this understanding allows mental illnesses to be better diagnosed and managed, helps people manage their relationships with those around them, encourages those with depression or anxiety to take steps to improve their conditions, and promotes an overall healthier mental state.

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  • Q:

    What is accommodation psychology?

    A:

    Accommodation occurs when a person's existing mental framework, called a schema, must be altered to adapt to new information. Within psychology, accommodation is a component of Jean Piaget's process of adaptation and cognitive development.

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  • Q:

    Why is the study of psychology important?

    A:

    According to Ronald Riggio, Ph.D., of Claremont McKenna College, the study of psychology is important to explain basic human behavior, apply critical decision and thinking skills, improve interpersonal communication and provide a background for the business sector. Psychology graduates hold many different careers.

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  • Q:

    When did psychology begin?

    A:

    Psychology began in 1879 when Wilhelm Wundt founded the first exclusive psychology laboratory in Leipzig. Wundt's laboratory conducted experiments related to matters in experimental psychology. He was the first person to refer to himself as a psychologist and wrote the first book on psychology.

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