The torch relay from Olympia began at the 1936 games in Berlin; devised by Carl Diem as a propaganda ploy for the Nazis, it afterwards became an Olympic tradition. In ancient Greece, a fire was lit by the sun and burned until the close of the games. The practice of maintaining an Olympic flame was revived at the 1928 games in Amsterdam.Know More
The Olympic flame is the fire that is kept burning from the beginning to the conclusion of the Olympic Games, and the Olympic torch is the vessel by which the flame is transported from the birthplace of the Olympics in Olympia, Greece, to the site of the current games. According to the International Olympic Committee, the flame represents the purity and positive values associated with fire.
Several months before the opening ceremony of the games, the flame is lit by the light of the sun in Olympia, Greece, using a parabolic mirror. At the Temple of Hydra, 11 women representing vestal virgins perform the ceremony. The torch makes a short relay tour of Greece, and then after a ceremony in Athens begins its journey to the host city. Usually there is not one torch, but many. For the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics in Russia, there were 14,000 torches and 14,000 runners. The torches have traveled by foot, bicycle, horseback, camel, canoe, plane and many other conveyances to some of the most remote parts of the Earth. For the Sochi Olympics, torches went to the world's deepest lake in Siberia, the North Pole via nuclear-powered icebreaker, the top of Mount Elbrus, Russia's highest peak and the International Space Station.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
The Olympic torch is rekindled from a "mother flame" that is kept in a protective lantern case and is never extinguished. Before the Olympic games begin, an olive branch is lit by the sun's rays in Olympia, Greece. The flame from this olive branch is used as the mother flame.Full Answer >
The Olympic torch is meant to symbolize the fire gifted to mankind by Prometheus in Greek mythology. Today's torch is also used as a symbol to connect the ancient games with their modern counterpart.Full Answer >
Annelies Marie "Anne" Frank was a child during World War II who famously hid from the Nazis in a secret annex in the Netherlands; she documented the ordeal in her diary, which was published posthumously as a book titled "The Diary of a Young Girl." This book has been the basis for many plays and films.Full Answer >
Anne Frank's major accomplishment was writing her diary, which she kept for more than two years while she and her family were hiding from the Nazis during World War II. The family was eventually discovered and taken to concentration camps, and the diary was found after the family was deported. Her diary endures as a testament to the human spirit.Full Answer >