Omar Khayyam was an Arabic mathematician, scholar, and astronomer, most famous for his scientific accomplishments and translations of his stories. Khayyam was born on May 18, 1048 and lived until December 4, 1131. Khayyam performed many tasks during his lifetime, but earned a name for himself upon writing a series of poems, referred to in English translations as "The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám".
Khayyam showed talent and promise in several academic fields during his youth. His education was well-rounded, and included tutelage in the scientific disciples, as well as mathematics such as algebra and trigonometry. As a teenager, Khayyam traveled throughout the Middle East and Europe to study under the tutelage of prominent mathematicians and professors.
During the course of his academic trainings, Khayyam completed several treatises and theses, including the "Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra," arguably his best-known work. In this treatise, Khayyam delineated and explored the patterns and solutions of cubic equations created by the intersection of various conic pieces.
In 1092, Khayyam continued his tour of the Middle East, and journeyed to Mecca. He then returned to his native land of Iran, teaching and serving as court astrologer. While studying and traveling, Khayyam wrote the series of quatrains he is most known for, having been translated into many different languages around the world.