Overt discrimination is discrimination that is clear and often public. Various laws prohibit certain types of overt discrimination, and its prevalence has dropped considerably over the years. Subtle discrimination, however, is still common.Know More
Refusing to hire or provide services to someone based on gender, race, religion or age is a common form of overt discrimination, and this behavior was common during much of the 20th century. Various laws have been passed to forbid certain types of overt discrimination, but they can be difficult to enforce. Overt discrimination can also occur with housing and public accommodations.
Not all forms of overt discrimination are illegal. In many states, people can face discrimination based on their sexual orientation; transgender individuals are protected in even fewer states. Some argue that forbidding same-sex marriage is a form of overt discrimination.
There are also forms of subtle discrimination, and people who discriminate can often do so by maintaining plausible deniability. Subtle discrimination can be difficult to spot; it may even be done subconsciously. However, people facing this kind of discrimination notice it over time, and those who deal with it on a regular basis sometimes have trouble coping with it. Some studies suggest that subtle discrimination can be more damaging than overt discrimination.Learn more about Social Sciences
Cultural discrimination refers to exclusion, restriction or hate that is directed at a person or a group on the basis of perceived or real differences in cultural values and beliefs. UNESCO indicates that discrimination can be direct or indirect and often leads to harassment or denial of basic rights. Religious hate, tribalism and racism are the most common forms of cultural discrimination.Full Answer >
Prejudice refers to thoughts and attitudes a person holds toward a group of people, while discrimination refers to actual actions against such a group, as defined by the online Introduction to Sociology textbook from OpenStax College. Anti-discrimination laws exist to prevent discriminatory actions against any group of people.Full Answer >
Individual discrimination refers to the discrimination against one person by another. It is a personal act of discrimination caused by certain negative attitudes toward another person. It can occur because of ethnic or racial differences between the affected individuals.Full Answer >
Indirect discrimination is a discrete type of discrimination that involves a policy, rule or procedure that is applied to everyone in a certain area but, ultimately, puts some individuals or groups at a disadvantage. Just like direct discrimination, indirect discrimination can affect people of a certain religion, race, ethnic group or age. Indirect discrimination can be posed as a formal or informal rule, practice or policy that may control behavior or set standards in the workplace.Full Answer >