Even people who do not want to do so tend to judge others by their appearance as part of the crucial human ability to be able to make snap judgments about people and situations. Being able to put sensory input into categories is vitally important for the human brain to function and deal with the world around it. One by-product is judging others based on appearance.Know More
In the distant past, the ability to judge other people immediately upon seeing them was crucial for survival. People needed to assess at first glance whether an unknown person was a threat or intended harm to them. Although it is much more rare that people in the modern world need to make these same snap judgments, the human tendency to judge based on appearance remains. Studies show that appearance makes a difference in practical ways. Those who are tall, thin, blonde, fit and good-looking tend to make more money than their less visually appealing counterparts.
People not only resort to stereotypes when they meet new people, they also use those stereotypes in planning their own world view and goals. When one is presented with a discrepancy to a stereotype, however, the brain secretes chemicals that provide a startle response as well as a pleasure response, allowing people to change their minds about individuals even though they initially categorized them according to their stereotypes.Learn more about Social Sciences
When Europeans first began assigning each other surnames to differentiate individuals in expanding urban areas, the names frequently referenced someone's appearance or the place that they were from. Names such as "Long," "Short," "Black" and "White" were common.Full Answer >
During participant observation, which is used in social science studies, the researchers actively become part of the group being investigated. This first-hand, embedded method of collecting information often leads to copious, rich data. However, researchers have opportunities to interfere with the process, and this has the potential to skew results.Full Answer >
Morocco is known the world over for its early Islamic architecture, long, inviting beaches and a variety of spices, sold both in markets and as part of an array of dishes at restaurants. Visitors often order couscous, the national dish, with meat, vegetables and the aforementioned spices. The outdoor markets are a popular activity for residents and locals alike.Full Answer >
Prejudice could result in a part of the population being virtually disenfranchised, or poorly represented in certain industries. For example, gender bias may be to blame for the lack of women in the technology industry when compared with men; in 2014, Yahoo reported that its workforce consisted of only 37 percent women, and Google reported it had 30 percent women. Such bias is attributable to ingrained beliefs about women's abilities in computer science, according to Andrea Rees Davies, associate director of the Clayman Institute for Gender Research at Stanford University.Full Answer >