People talk to themselves to reinforce thought by externalizing it, improve their memories and encourage themselves while performing difficult tasks. However, when self-talk becomes obsessive and continues in situations when it is not socially acceptable, it can be a symptom of schizophrenia.Know More
Many small children narrate their behavior to themselves or go over steps they need to take while performing tasks as a natural part of the learning process. Adults encouraging themselves verbally while undertaking a difficult task demonstrate a natural extension of the process. Studies have shown that adolescents using self-talk as a mnemonic aid while taking complex examinations get higher grades. Another study showed that if those seeking lost objects repeated the names of what they were searching for out loud, they were more likely to find them.
People who experience uncertainty also talk to themselves. Students who are unsure how well they did on an exam are more likely to talk to themselves than those who definitely thought they did well or poorly. However, psychologists caution against people referring to themselves negatively when they self-talk as it reinforces low self-esteem. When people talk to themselves as a symptom of schizophrenia, they often replay past events or conversations out loud.Learn more about Psychology
Determination is considered a laudable and coveted personality trait because it indicates that individuals are motivated to succeed, which translates to them getting tasks done and accomplishing goals. People who are determined by nature are generally self-motivated, and have a strong internal drive to accomplish success, whether via short-term goals or long-term objectives. The trait of determination is often associated with similar characteristics of resilience, which is the power to overcome setbacks rather than give into them.Full Answer >
Motivation influences the level of interest and effort given to tasks, and it is essential in maintaining an individual’s performance. It energizes, guides and sustains one’s attitude. Motivation determines performance in learning by affecting what learners pay attention to and acts like a reinforcement tool for learners to achieve academic success.Full Answer >
Havighurst developmental tasks are the array of skills and abilities that human beings develop across their lifetimes. His theory mediates between natural, seemingly innate development and development supported or required by other people in a person's life.Full Answer >
A defensive personality is associated with a person who uses defense mechanisms, such as denial, rationalization, projection, repression, and reaction formations to avoid unpleasant tasks or interactions. An individual with a defensive personality is often unable to actively listen to others while chronically preparing a defense strategy.Full Answer >