There are multiple theories as to why people yawn in response to seeing others yawn. One theory is that contagious yawning is a result of the power of suggestibility. Another theory revolves around the idea that contagious yawning is related to human beings' predisposition toward empathy.Know More
There is a demonstrated link between yawning and empathy, the ability to understand the emotional states of others. Researchers at Leeds University in England showed that people whose profession requires them to be more empathetic and focus more on others, such as psychologists, tended to yawn more than people whose profession required them to focus on numbers and systems, such as engineers, when placed in a room for 10 minutes with another individual who yawned as many as 10 times during the experiment. It was also shown through neural imaging that the same parts of the brain that deal with empathy also regulate the yawning response in humans.
Empathy is an important part of human psychological development. The empathy that parents show to their children influences a child's level of self esteem and the empathy that people are able to develop later on in life influences how successful they are in navigating social relationships.Learn more in Psychology
Neutral stimulus is part of the model of classical conditioning in the field of behavioral psychology that states a stimulus elicits a response, with neutral stimulus so named as it does not provide the desired response in a subject. This term is mainly used when a stimulus is designed to cause a reflexive response.Full Answer >
Behaviorists believe that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning that occurs in response to interactions with the environment. They therefore conclude that environmental stimuli can be used to train, shape and change behaviors, according to Kendra Cherry, author of “Everything Psychology Book.”Full Answer >
According to the McGraw Hill Online Learning Center, classical conditioning is the process by which an organism learns to associate two stimuli, so one stimulus comes to produce a response that only the other stimulus did previously. Biological preparedness is the concept that animals are instinctively pre-wired to learn behaviors related to their survival.Full Answer >
A fixed-ratio schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is only reinforced upon a specified number of responses. Generally, it is a rule indicating behavior instances to be reinforced. This schedule yields a high, stable responding rate with only a brief break after the enforcer’s delivery.Full Answer >