Phenomenology is the study of the connection between human awareness and social action. It is based on the underlying belief that society is created by humans.
Alfred Schulz brought phenomenology into the sociology context in the 1960s. He believed that people further social interaction by using their language and "internal knowledge."
One famous example of social phenomenology was developed by Peter Berger. Berger explained the concept of "marital reality." He believed that in marriage, two individuals merge their realities into one single reality. This new social reality affected their social interactions with each other and with other people outside the marriage.Learn More
Sociology is important because it helps in solving social and international problems, gives better perspective into crime, helps in the study of institutional roles and in the understanding and planning of society. Sociology is basically defined as a study of individuals in relation to their society.Full Answer >
Methodology in sociology refers to the scientific way that a researcher chooses to test a social theory or concept. Sociological methods include the same methods used in other social science disciplines, such as experimentation, observation, surveys, quasi-experiments, content analysis and focus groups. Sociological researchers use both quantitative and qualitative methods to test hypotheses.Full Answer >
Postmodernism in sociology focuses on individual truths and stays away from information that is confined to cultures, races, traditions or groups, yet understands that individual experiences will always be relative and cannot yield universal truths. Postmodernism is a type of thought that does not believe in finite, unchanging, specific and certain principles for all and does not believe that there is a theory that can explain everything for every human being, such as a religious or philosophical truth.Full Answer >