Q:

What is a physical need?

A:

Quick Answer

According to Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a physical need is something critical to the survival to the survival of the human body. Maslow lists the basic physical needs as water, air, food, warmth, sex, sleep and the disposal of bodily waste.

Know More
What is a physical need?
Credit: lina aidukaite Moment Getty Images

Full Answer

In addition to physical needs, there are four levels of needs in the hierachy of needs: safety, social, esteem, and self-awareness. Until the basic physical needs of the human body are met, Maslow emphasizes that all other needs become moot.

Although parts of Maslow's hierarchy of needs have been criticized by experts, there is little disagreement that there are basic physical needs of the human body for survival. Without water, air, warmth, food and the disposal of bodily waste, a person dies. Though sex is not necessary for individual survival, it is crucial to the survival of a species.

Physical need should not be confused with physical dependency, which is a psychological term used in reference to addiction and the body becoming so accustomed to the consumption of a substance that it physiologically becomes dependent on it in order to function properly. Although a physical dependency may present as a physical need, it is merely the result of an addiction and not an actually requirement for survival.

Learn more in Psychology

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are some examples of egoism disguised as altruism?

    A:

    Examples of egoism disguised as altruism include large charitable donations, and doing a good deed with the expectation of getting something in return. With the charitable donation, someone may make a large donation to show their own personal wealth. Some people do good deeds and expect someone to do something for them in return, such as a college alumni making a large donation and expecting the college to grant their child admission.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are examples of learned behavior?

    A:

    Some examples of learned behavior are a dog that is taught to roll over or a recently hatched goose that imprints on something other than its mother. Learned behavior is shaped through experience, such as through the application of rewards, punishments or constant conditioning.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the advantages of stress?

    A:

    The advantages of stress include an increase in motivation, a warning sign that there is something wrong and an increase in heart rate. While stress is usually thought of as an unhealthy factor of life, it can provide some health benefits when it is received in small amounts.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a referential listener?

    A:

    A referential listener is a person who listens to something and is instantly reminded of something else. The most common type of referential listening is listening to a song and having the music bring up a memory.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore