Plato and Aristotle are similar in that they both contemplated man's existence in the world and the significance of that existence. They both tried to understand what it means to be aware of one's existence and how that existence is related to that of others.Know More
Plato was Socrates' student, and Aristotle studied as a student of Plato. Although he disagreed with his teacher about some key points, much of Aristotle's work is considered an evolution of the ideas first put forward by Plato. Plato's work, however, was more individually focused and concerned with the soul.
Aristotle was more of a political thinker who tried to put his ideas into a social context. To him, it was impossible to consider one without considering the other. Much of his scientific thinking was based on this same principle. To Plato, being was being. To Aristotle, observing was being.
Many of Aristotle's ideas are a marriage between those of Socrates and Plato. It is said that Plato was the first political philosopher and Aristotle was the first political scientist. Both men founded schools. Plato's school was The Academy, at which Aristotle studied. Aristotle's school was the Lyceum, which was partially financed by Alexander the Great.Learn More
Montesquieu is best known for his theory on the separation of powers. This theory has been used to create many constitutions around the world. The idea of this type of government, with the powers separated into branches, was seen in Ancient Rome.Full Answer >
Aristarchus was a Greek astronomer and mathematician who lived from 310 B.C. until 230 B.C. He is perhaps best known for advancing the idea that the Sun, not the Earth, was at the center of known universe.Full Answer >
According to John Locke, governments are formed through the consent of the people being governed. These political entities primarily exist to preserve the fundamental rights of the people and to promote the general welfare of the public.Full Answer >
Conformity can be seen as good or bad depending on the individual and what he is conforming to. Human beings naturally have a desire to conform to feel accepted, and those who deviate from the norm are often viewed negatively.Full Answer >