Plato and Aristotle are similar in that they both contemplated man's existence in the world and the significance of that existence. They both tried to understand what it means to be aware of one's existence and how that existence is related to that of others.Know More
Plato was Socrates' student, and Aristotle studied as a student of Plato. Although he disagreed with his teacher about some key points, much of Aristotle's work is considered an evolution of the ideas first put forward by Plato. Plato's work, however, was more individually focused and concerned with the soul.
Aristotle was more of a political thinker who tried to put his ideas into a social context. To him, it was impossible to consider one without considering the other. Much of his scientific thinking was based on this same principle. To Plato, being was being. To Aristotle, observing was being.
Many of Aristotle's ideas are a marriage between those of Socrates and Plato. It is said that Plato was the first political philosopher and Aristotle was the first political scientist. Both men founded schools. Plato's school was The Academy, at which Aristotle studied. Aristotle's school was the Lyceum, which was partially financed by Alexander the Great.Learn more about Philosophy
Plato believed that the world we see around us is only a shadow of reality, which he referred to as the world of the forms. From this belief, he developed the Parable of the Cave, the philosophical theory for which he is best known, according to a website hosted by St. Anselm College.Full Answer >
Plato is celebrated as one of the most significant early Greek philosophers. His theories of form, ethics and politics, in particular, have proven enormously influential in both Western and Islamic traditions. Some, such as Alfred North Whitehead, have even considered all subsequent Western thought as simply a "footnote" to Plato.Full Answer >
Plato viewed human beings as inherently rational, social souls burdened by imprisonment within their physical bodies. The soul disposition of an individual soul, fixed for eternity, determines the type of human the individual will be in life. The human body, limited and constantly responding to need, is an obstacle to the soul's full realization.Full Answer >
Plato's four cardinal virtues are prudence, justice, temperance and courage. These virtues are also often translated as wisdom, fairness, restraint (also called moderation) and fortitude.Full Answer >