Q:

What is psychology?

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Quick Answer

The field of psychology can be defined as the science of the mind. Psychology encompasses the methods and processes through which psychologists study the mind. Psychology is also defined as the scientific study of the way people behave, think and feel.

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Since psychology is classified as a social science and is defined as the science of the mind, the data that is collected and analyzed is data on human behavior. Psychologists then interpret this data to form theories, methods and techniques for altering those behaviors. Since the mind is such a complex organic machine, the field of psychology has many branches, including clinical, cognitive, developmental, evolutionary, forensic, health, neuropsychology, occupational and social psychology. The goal of each of these branches is to determine how the mind works and how it directs behavior. Each of these branches relies on scientific methods, experiments, and quantitative and qualitative data.

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  • Q:

    What is general psychology ?

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    General psychology is the study of the basic theories, principles and methods of psychology, which is the study of the mind. This includes emotions, development, learning, thinking, perception, intelligence, memory, learning and other topics related to the mind.

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  • Q:

    What are the objectives of psychology?

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    The objectives of psychology are to learn about the mind's subconscious, the mind's consciousness and the reasons for human behavior. Psychology is essential to study for treating mental disorders, other biological diseases, such as Alzheimer's, and looking at the way the mind functions with memory and emotion.

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  • Q:

    What is the scope of psychology?

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    Psychology is a broad discipline that covers matters of the mind and human behavior. Psychologists investigate an individual's thoughts, emotions, decisions, perceptions and sensations in an effort to explain these matters by determining a cause.

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  • Q:

    What is the historical background of psychology?

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    From approximately 1550 BCE to the 18th century, numerous people speculated on the intricacies of the mind and its working, including Pythagoras, Socrates, Hippocrates, Aristotle, Aulus Cornelius Celsus, Rene Descartes and John Locke. The contemporary foundations of psychology began in 1879 when the first psychology laboratory was created by Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig, Germany. Important figures include Jean Piaget, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Carl Rogers and Paul Broca.

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