In philosophy, realism is the belief that reality lies outside of the human mind; it is the focus on things that can be observed as well as things that exist independently of what the human mind believes to be true. An example of realism in philosophy is that a tree will exist in nature whether a human is able to recognize the tree.Know More
Realism has nearly nothing to do with the human mind, but has everything to do with the way the world functions outside of the mind. Realists believe in rational thought and will only perceive things the way that they are truly seen, without any type of interpretation. Aristotle is referred to as the father of realism because of his break off from the philosophical teachings of Plato.
When realism is being taught to students, it is mostly based around real facts and scientific methods that are known to be true. Students are expected to think scientifically and to use mathematical procedures to get the end result of their thinking. Realist students need to be able to gather criteria and reach a solution using methodical thinking through the criteria. Realism is focused around the use of mathematics and science.Learn more about Philosophy
Plato believed that the world we see around us is only a shadow of reality, which he referred to as the world of the forms. From this belief, he developed the Parable of the Cave, the philosophical theory for which he is best known, according to a website hosted by St. Anselm College.Full Answer >
According to Oxford Dictionaries, fantasy is something that is produced by the imagination, whereas reality is something that is exists independently from the mind. A person's understanding of reality is affected by the laws of physics, social interactions and constructs, economics, politics and sciences.Full Answer >
The main characteristics of American transcendentalism are the belief in the good found in both man and nature, but that they can be come corrupted by society. This was both a religious movement and a philosophical one. Two of the most famous names associated with the movement were Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau.Full Answer >
Among his many philosophies, John Locke is most known for his belief in religious freedom and tolerance. Locke was an English philosopher who is considered an important figure in early modern philosophy, and scholars consider him the father of classical liberalism.Full Answer >